The 18th and 19th Centuries


 


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


 


Neoclassicism and Romanticism



 




Thomas Rowlandson


(comic images of familiar social types)


 



 


Thomas Rowlandson

born July 1756, Old Jewry, London, Eng.
died April 22, 1827, London


English painter and caricaturist who illustrated the life of 18th-century England and created comic images of familiar social types of his day, such as the antiquarian, the old maid, the blowsy barmaid, and the Grub Street hack. His characters ranged from the ridiculously pretentious, with their elaborate coiffures, widely frogged uniforms, and enormous bosoms and bottoms, to the merely pathetic, whose trailing handkerchiefs expressed their dejected attitudes.

The son of a tradesman, Rowlandson became a student in the Royal Academy. At age 16 he went to study in Paris. After establishing a studio as a portrait painter, he began to draw caricatures to supplement his income, and this soon became his major interest.

His series of drawings “The Schoolmaster's Tour,” accompanied by verses of William Combe, was published in the new Poetical Magazine (1809–11) launched by the art publisher Rudolph Ackermann, who was Rowlandson's chief employer. The same collaboration of designer, author, and publisher resulted in the popular Dr. Syntax series—Tourof Dr. Syntax in Search of the Picturesque (1812), The Second Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of Consolation (1820), and The Third Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of a Wife (1821). They also produced The English Dance of Death (1815–16) and The Dance of Life (1816–17). Rowlandson illustrated editions of novels by Tobias Smollett, Oliver Goldsmith, and Laurence Sterne.

Rowlandson's designs were usually executed in outline with a reed pen and delicately washed with colour. They werethen etched by the artist on copper and afterward aquatinted—usually by a professional engraver, the impressions being finally coloured by hand. Rowlandson compromised his reputation in his later years by producing a mass of inferior drawings. The works of his prime, however, are outstanding in the vitality of their outline and the gusto of their comment on human weaknesses.



 

 


"The Tour of Doctor Syntax in Search of the Picturesque"

 a poem by William Combe
 

 


The Revd. Doctor Syntax



 

 


Doctor Syntax at Liverpool



 

 


Doctor Syntax at a review



 

 


Doctor Syntax loses his money on the race-ground at York



 

 


Doctor Syntax loses his way



 

 

Doctor Syntax entertained at College
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax bound to a tree by highwaymen

 

 

Doctor Syntax copying the wit of the window

 

 

Doctor Syntax taking possession of his living

 

 

Doctor Syntax return'd from his tour

 

 

The Doctor's Dream
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax at Covent Garden Theatre

 

 

Doctor Syntax & bookseller
 

 

 

Syntax preaching
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax reading his tour

 

 

Doctor Syntax & dairy maid
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax, Rural sport
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax sells Grizzle
 

 

 

Dr. Syntax robb'd of his property

 

 

Doctor Syntax drawing after nature

 

 

Doctor Syntax sketching the lake
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax made free of the cellar


 

 

Doctor Syntax with my Lord
 

 

 

Doctor Syntax mistakes a gentleman's house for an inn


 

 

Doctor Syntax tumbling into the water



 

 

Doctor Syntax meditating on the tomb stones



 

 

Doctor Syntax pursued by a bull



 

 

Doctor Syntax disputing his bill with the landlady



 

 

Doctor Syntax stopt by highwaymen



 

 

Doctor Syntax setting out on his tour of the lakes

 

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