Art of the 20th Century

 




Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






Alexandre Benois



 





 

Aleksandr Nikolayevich Benois

born May 4 [April 21, old style], 1870, St. Petersburg, Russia
died Feb. 9, 1960, Paris


Russian in full Aleksandr Nikolayevich Benois Russian theatre art director, painter, and ballet librettist who with Léon Bakst and Sergey Diaghilev cofounded the influential magazine Mir iskusstva (“World of Art”), from which sprang theDiaghilev Ballets Russes.

Benois aspired to achieve a synthesis of new western European trends and certain elements of traditional Russian folk art; Mir iskusstva, established in 1899 in St. Petersburg, attacked the low artistic standards of the realist Peredvezhniki Society and the deadening influence of the Russian Academy and stressed individualism and artistic personality. The magazine, which he coedited until 1904, soon exerted great influence on stage design.

Benois began his career (c. 1901) at the Mariinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, as scenic designer for the ballets Sylvia and Cupid's Revenge. When the Diaghilev Ballets Russes openedin 1909, Benois designed decor and costumes for, among others, Les Sylphides (1909), Giselle (1910), and Petrushka (1911), on which he collaborated with Igor Stravinsky. His later works include grand designs for La Valse (1929, Ida Rubinstein Company), The Nutcracker (1940, Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo), and Graduation Ball, for which he also wrote the libretto (1957, London Festival Ballet). Among his writings are Reminiscences of the Ballet Russe (1941) and Memoirs (1960). Benois's collaboration with Stravinsky and Michel Fokine presented some of the greatest dance drama in history and helped found modern ballet.

 

 
 
 
Italian Comedy. Immodest Polichinel
1906


 

Italian Comedy


 

Theatre


 
 
 Market Place
1924
Set design for "Le M
édecin malgré lui"


 
 
 Set design for "Lady with Camellias"
1923


 
 
 The Fair
1911
Set design for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka"


 
 
The Blackmoor's Room
1911
Set design for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka"


 
 
 
Ballerina
1911
Costume sketch for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka".
 
 
 
 
Conjuror
1911
Costume sketch for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka". 
 



 

 
 
 A Goat with a Fiddle
1911

Costume sketch for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka". 
 
 
 
The Bear
1911
Costume sketch for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka". 
 



 

 
 
The Princess's Grandson and Granddaughter
1911
Costume sketch for the ballet by I.Stravinsky "Petrushka".
 
 

 
 
 Set design for ballet "Giselle"
1910


 
 
 
A Lady
1910
Costume sketch for the ballet by A.Adan "Giselle".
 
 
 
 
A Hunter
1910
Costume sketch for the ballet by A.Adan "Giselle".
 
 


 
 
 Armida's Garden
1907
Set design for
for the ballet "Armida's Pavilion"


 
 
 Scene of the dream
1907
Set design for
for the ballet "Armida's Pavilion"


 
 
 
Marquis Fierbois
1907
Costume sketch for the ballet "Armida's Pavilion" by N.Cherepnin. 

 
 
 The Red Magician
1907
Costume sketch for the ballet "Armida's Pavilion" by N.Cherepnin. 

 



 
 
 Rinaldo
1907
Costume sketch for the ballet "Armida's Pavilion"
.

 
 
 
The Emperor's Palace. The Throne Room
1914
Set design of the Second Act for the opera by I.Stravinsky "Nightingale"


 

 
 
 
The Leading Dancer in the Chinese Emperor's Procession
1914
Costume sketch for the opera by I.Stravinsky "Nightingale".
 
 

 

 
 
The Courtier Carrying the Nightingale in the Chinese March
1914
Costume sketch for the opera by I.Stravinsky "Nightingale".
 
 
 
 
Chinese March
1914
Costume sketch for the opera by I.Stravinsky "Nightingale".
 
 
 
 
A Fisherman
1914
Costume sketch for the opera by I.Stravinsky "Nightingale".
 
 


 
 
 Venetian Festival
1912
Set design for ballet "Festivals"

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