Developments in the 19th Century



 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 




SYMBOLISM

in

FRANCE




(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)


 




Kees Van Dongen

(1877- 1968)

 

   

 

b Delfshaven, nr Rotterdam, 26 Jan 1877; d Monte Carlo, 28 May 1968).

French painter and printmaker of Dutch birth. He took evening classes in geometric drawing from 1892 to 1897 at the Akademie voor Beeldende Kunsten in Rotterdam. In 1895 he began working intermittently for the newspaper Rotterdamsche Nieuwsblad, for which he made, among other things, a series of bright watercolour drawings of Rotterdam’s red-light district and illustrations of Queen Wilhelmina’s coronation. Van Dongen’s first paintings used dark tones in imitation of Rembrandt, who remained the most important model for his work; his later book on Rembrandt was, in fact, a projection of his own life. By the mid-1890s he was using more vivid contrasts of black and white, for example in Spotted Chimera (1895; priv. col.), his palette soon becoming brighter and his line more animated. In Le Muet Windmill (1896; priv. col.), a red ochre monochrome painting, he successfully enlivened the colour by means of broad, energetic brushstrokes.

   
   
Torso
 
   
Nini, The Prostitute
1907
 
 
   
Indian Dancer
1907
 

 

   
Gypsy
1911
 

 

   
The Red Dancer
1907

Hermitage St Petersburg
 

 

   
Nude
 
 

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