Developments in the 19th Century


Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map



(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)

Henri Matisse




C o n t e n t s:
Symbolism in France  
Synthetism Pont-Aven school
Intimism Nabis
Aman-Jean Edmond  Anquetin Louis
Bernard Emile Bonnard Pierre
Carriere Eugene Claudel Camille
Denis Maurice Derain Andre
Dongen Kees van Dufy Raoul
Fantin-Latour Henri Filiger Charles
Gauguin Paul Hawkins Louis  
Jacquemin Jeanne   Lacombe Georges
Levy-Dhurmer Lucien Maillol Aristide
Matisse Henri Marquet Albert
Maurin Charless Maxence Edgar
Moreau Gustaves   Mossa Gustave Adolphe 
Osbert Alphonce Point Armand 
Puvis de Chavannes Pierre  Ranson Paul
Redon Odilon Rodin Auguste
Rouault Georges Rousseau Henri
Roussel Ker Xaviers Seon Alexandre
Serusier Paul Vallotton Felix
Vlaminck Maurice
Vuillard Edouard





Matisse Henri 

(see collection)



The Negress

This is the black dancer, Josephine Baker, queen of the Roaring 20s and 30s,
famous for appearing on stage wearing nothing but a belt of bananas.




Matisse in Nice in 1952. On the wall, "The Negress"




The Thousand and One Night


Matisse Henri 

(see collection)







Henri Matisse


by Gilles Neret

  The artist confided to Alfred Barr that, no longer able to move or swim, he had, thanks to his gouache cut-outs, surrounded himself with water and extraordinary gardens, pinning the maquettes of his works to the walls of his appartmentand spending his days contemplating and transforming them. These are scenes and landscapes that go "beyond" any scene or landscape and even any "work". The "beyond" evoked by the last works took the form of that poignant and yet serene adieu The Sadness of the King. This picture is the last great pictural effort by Matisse to be made in pasted gouache cutouts. It is the last salute by the artist - who is represented by the sombrely clad king, guitar in hand - to the world around him, to the themes he loved. Matisse has drawn them all around him, down to the last woman dancer, as if to have himself buried with them like an Ancient Egyptian Pharao. "You are going to simplify painting!", the prediction of his master, Gustave Moreau, had been fulfilled to the letter, in the brass fanfares of Fauvism and in the final sustained chord of the cut-outs. At the approach of death, Matisse was proud that he "could at last sing like a child following the impulses of his heart from the top of the mountain he has climbed". As Baudelaire had already stated: "Genius is just childhood to which one can return at will."
But let us leave the last word to Matisse himself, writing, at 83, to his dear friend Rouveyre: "My survival in my works, that I desire... I never think of it, for, having thrown the ball as best I could, I cannot be certain whether it will fall on land or sea or into that precipice from which nothing ever returns."

The Sadness of the King




The Screw


  Polynesia, the Sky, 1946    


The Bees



Matisse Henri 

(see collection)

  Matisse drawing from his bed, in his room in Nice, 1950

Large Decoration with Masks
Matisse Henri 

(see collection)

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