Neoclassicism and Romanticism

 


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)



 




Jacques-Louis David





 

see also:

W. Shakespeare "Hamlet" illustration from Eugene Delacroix



 


Jacques-Louis David

(b Paris, 30 Aug 1748; d Brussels, 29 Dec 1825).

French painter and draughtsman. He was the most prominent and influential painter of the Neo-classical movement in France. In the 1780s he created a style of austere and ethical painting that perfectly captured the moral climate of the last years of the ancien régime. Later, as an active revolutionary, he put his art at the service of the new French Republic and for a time was virtual dictator of the arts. He was imprisoned after the fall from power of Maximilien de Robespierre but on his release became captivated by the personality of Napoleon I and developed an Empire style in which warm Venetian colour played a major role. Following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1816, David went into exile in Brussels, where he continued to paint but was regarded as something of an anachronism. He had a huge number of pupils, and his influence was felt (both positively and negatively) by the majority of French 19th-century painters. He was a revolutionary artist in both a technical and a political sense. His compositional innovations effected a complete rupture with Rococo fantasy; he is considered the greatest single figure in European painting between the late Rococo and the Romantic era.
 

 

Portrait of the Comtesse Vilain XIIII and her Daughter

1816
Oil on canvas, 95 x 76 cm
National Gallery, London



 


Charles-Pierre Pecoul, Contratista de Edificios Reales 




 

Portrait of Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes

1817
Oil on canvas, 98 x 74 cm
Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge



 

Cupid and Psyche

1817
Oil on canvas, 184 x 242 cm
Museum of Art, Cleveland



 

The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

1818
Oil on canvas, 87 x 103 cm
Private collection



 

Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces

1824
Oil on canvas, 308 x 262 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels



 

Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces
(detail)
1824
Oil on canvas
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
 
 

Madame Pecoul, Suegra del Artista



 

Vista del Jardín del Palacio de Luxemburgo



 

The Anger of Achilles



 

La Folle



 

Laure-Emilie-Felicite David, La Baronne Meunier



 

M. and Md. Mongez



 

Portrait of the Count de Turenne



 

The Fortune Teller (La Bonne Aventure)


 

The Tennis Court Oath



 

Thirius de Pautrizel
 
 

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