Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Jacques-Louis David


see also:

W. Shakespeare "Hamlet" illustration from Eugene Delacroix


Jacques-Louis David

(b Paris, 30 Aug 1748; d Brussels, 29 Dec 1825).

French painter and draughtsman. He was the most prominent and influential painter of the Neo-classical movement in France. In the 1780s he created a style of austere and ethical painting that perfectly captured the moral climate of the last years of the ancien régime. Later, as an active revolutionary, he put his art at the service of the new French Republic and for a time was virtual dictator of the arts. He was imprisoned after the fall from power of Maximilien de Robespierre but on his release became captivated by the personality of Napoleon I and developed an Empire style in which warm Venetian colour played a major role. Following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1816, David went into exile in Brussels, where he continued to paint but was regarded as something of an anachronism. He had a huge number of pupils, and his influence was felt (both positively and negatively) by the majority of French 19th-century painters. He was a revolutionary artist in both a technical and a political sense. His compositional innovations effected a complete rupture with Rococo fantasy; he is considered the greatest single figure in European painting between the late Rococo and the Romantic era.


Portrait of the Comtesse Vilain XIIII and her Daughter

Oil on canvas, 95 x 76 cm
National Gallery, London


Charles-Pierre Pecoul, Contratista de Edificios Reales 


Portrait of Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes

Oil on canvas, 98 x 74 cm
Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge


Cupid and Psyche

Oil on canvas, 184 x 242 cm
Museum of Art, Cleveland


The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

Oil on canvas, 87 x 103 cm
Private collection


Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces

Oil on canvas, 308 x 262 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces
Oil on canvas
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

Madame Pecoul, Suegra del Artista


Vista del Jardín del Palacio de Luxemburgo


The Anger of Achilles


La Folle


Laure-Emilie-Felicite David, La Baronne Meunier


M. and Md. Mongez


Portrait of the Count de Turenne


The Fortune Teller (La Bonne Aventure)


The Tennis Court Oath


Thirius de Pautrizel

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