Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Jacques-Louis David


see also:

W. Shakespeare "Hamlet" illustration from Eugene Delacroix


Jacques-Louis David

(b Paris, 30 Aug 1748; d Brussels, 29 Dec 1825).

French painter and draughtsman. He was the most prominent and influential painter of the Neo-classical movement in France. In the 1780s he created a style of austere and ethical painting that perfectly captured the moral climate of the last years of the ancien régime. Later, as an active revolutionary, he put his art at the service of the new French Republic and for a time was virtual dictator of the arts. He was imprisoned after the fall from power of Maximilien de Robespierre but on his release became captivated by the personality of Napoleon I and developed an Empire style in which warm Venetian colour played a major role. Following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1816, David went into exile in Brussels, where he continued to paint but was regarded as something of an anachronism. He had a huge number of pupils, and his influence was felt (both positively and negatively) by the majority of French 19th-century painters. He was a revolutionary artist in both a technical and a political sense. His compositional innovations effected a complete rupture with Rococo fantasy; he is considered the greatest single figure in European painting between the late Rococo and the Romantic era.


Portrait of the Artist

Oil on canvas, 81 x 64 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Portrait of Marie-Francoise Buron

c. 1769
Oil on canvas, 66 x 54 cm
Musée National des Beaux-Arts, Algiers


St Roch Asking the Virgin Mary to Heal Victims of the Plague

Oil on wood, 260 x 195 cm
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Marseille


The Combat of Mars and Minerva

Oil on canvas, 146 x 181 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


The Death of Seneca

Oil on canvas, 123 x 160 cm
Musée du Petit Palais, Paris


Antiochus and Stratonica

Oil on canvas, 120 x 155 cm
École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris



Oil on canvas, 123 x 172 cm
Musée Fabre, Montpellier



Oil on canvas, 122 x 170 cm
Musée Thomas Henry, Cherbourg


Belisarius Receiving Alms

Oil on canvas, 288 x 312 cm
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lille


Count Potocki

Oil on canvas, 304 x 218 cm
Muzeum Narodowe, Warsaw


Portrait of Jacques-Francois Desmaisons

Oil on canvas, 92 x 72 cm
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo

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