Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Albert Bierstadt



Albert Bierstadt

born Jan. 7, 1830, near Düsseldorf, Westphalia [Germany]
died Feb. 19, 1902, New York, N.Y., U.S.

American artist who painted landscapes and whose tremendous popularity was based on his panoramic scenes of the American West. Among the last generation of painters associated with the Hudson River school, Bierstadt, like Frederick Church and Thomas Moran, covered vast distances in search of more exotic subject matter. His reputation was made by the huge canvases that resulted from his several trips to the Far West—e.g., “The Rocky Mountains” (1863; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City) and “Mount Corcoran” (c. 1875–77; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.). Executed in his studio in New York, the large works do not have the freshness and spontaneity of the small on-the-spot paintings from which they were produced. They are, however, immense in scale and grandiose in effect. Bierstadt freely altered details of landscape to create the effect of awe and grandeur. His colours were applied more according to a formula than from observation: luscious, green vegetation, ice-blue water, and pale, atmospheric blue-greenmountains. The progression from foreground to background was often a dramatic one without the softness and subtlety of a middle distance.


Mountainous Landscape


The Oregon Trail


Looking Down Yosemite Valley, California


Passing Storm over the Sierra Nevada


The Domes of the Yosemite


Looking Down Yosemite Valley, California


Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt Rosalie


The Old Mill


Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California


The Last of the Buffalo


Salmon Fishing on the Cascapediac River

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