The Baroque Era

17th to mid-18th century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Heinrich Schutz



Schutz was born in Kostritz in modern-day Germany and received a musical education. First a choirboy, he went in 1609 to study with Giovanni Gabneli in Venice, where he was exposed to Italian musical influences. He moved to Dresden in spring 1617, married the daughter of a court official, and rose in influence as the director of the leading musical centre of Protestant Germany, under the patronage of Johann Georg I, Elector of Saxony.

April 1627 was spent at the Elector's castle at Hartenfels celebrating the marriage of the Elector's daughter. On 12 April, Schutz premiered his pastoral tragicomedy Daphne. The score has not survived but Daphne is considered the first German opera and initiated a great tradition in Germany. After the marriage, Schutz visited Italy and spent time with Monteverdi in Venice.

In 1635 Prince Heinnch of Reuss, Schutz's patron and friend, died. The Prince left precise details of the music he wanted for his funeral, and Schutz responded by writing his largest and most important funeral work, the Musicalische Excquien. The work is in several sections and calls for various combinations of soloists and choirs with a cello and harpsichord accompaniment.

The financial pressures caused by the Thirty Years' War led to a serious depletion of the Dresden court's resources. Schutz was therefore pleased to travel to Copenhagen when asked by the Crown Prince of Denmark to arrange the music for his wedding m 1634. He rose to become Kapellmeister, and after a similar post in Hanover returned to Dresden in 1645.

Now approaching 60, Schutz sought retirement. This was denied, but he was allowed to work only six months of each year for the following decade. He sought full retirement on three further occasions, complaining of the shameful state of the court musicians, which failed to inspire him. Eventually, Elector Gcorg died in 1656 and his replacement granted the release Schutz so richly deserved. Schutz continued to compose during retirement, concentrating as he had throughout his life on sacred music. Christmas story, based on Gospel texts, was first performed m 1660; and around 1665 he wrote the St John Passion, one of three Passions from late in Schutz's life, which in line with liturgical practice in Dresden feature unaccompanied voices. It is considered one of the pinnacles of the composer's work and influenced Bach when he came to write his great Passion settings. At the end of his life Schutz suffered from failing eyesight and hearing, and in his eighty-fourth year he died following a stroke. His compositions managed to amalgamate the ornate-ness of the Italian Baroque with the more sober music traditions of Germany: a grafting of styles that was a vital part of Schutz's great contribution to German music.


Heinrich Schutz



Heinrich Schutz (1585-1672)



Kleine geistliche Konzerte
Bringt her dem Herren

Cantate Domino
Ich will dem Herrn lobsingen allezeit
Jonas: Peccavimus, Domine (final chorus)
Erhore mich, wenn ich rufe
O suber, o freundlicher, o gutiger Herr
Passacaglia d-moll fur Orgel
Verleih uns Frieden
  Musicalische Exequien
  Christmas story
  Fili mi, Absalon
  St John Passion
  Latin magnificat

Evaristo Baschenis
Still-life with Musical Instruments























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