The Midle Ages and the Renaissance

12th to 16th century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Hildegard of Bingen

(1098 -1178)


Hildegard was one of ten children born to noble parents m the village of Beniersheim in what is now western Germany. At the age of eight she was placed in the care of Jutta of Spenhcim, the abbess of a group of nuns attached to the Benedictine monastery near Bingen. After Jutta's death Hildegard became abbess, and shortly after, in 1141, she saw tongues of flame descend upon her from the sky. From this time on she devoted her life to trying to express her mystical visions through composition, poetry, and play-writing.

By virtue of her visionary experiences Hildegard was able to exercise a strength and authority unusual for women at the time. Combining religious and diplomatic activities, she made several missionary journeys through Germany over a period of ten years. She was a prolific writer as well as an accomplished physician, and her works reflected a close and creative alliance between science and the arts. As well as writing on natural history and medicine, she composed much lyrical poetry, and she recorded her prophetic and symbolic visions m her manuscript Scivias. Her morality play, Ordo virtutum, consists of a discourse on the virtues; 16 of these were represented in performance by Hildegard's nuns; the only male part — the Devil — was taken by her secretary.

Merging her passions for poetry and music, Hildegard collected her compositions together under the title Symphonia iUiiionic celestium revelatioiium (Symphony of the harmony of celestial revelations). She added to this work constantly over the years, and from this collection come the sequences (a chant form) and hymns found on the recommended recording.

Hildegard thought of herself as "a feather on the breath of God", a mystic rather than a composer; most of her works involve deeply devotional religious texts set to long, flowing melodies, mainly for solo voices. In the composition О Jerusalem she likens Jerusalem to the nunnery that she founded at Rupertsberg, near Bingen, on the site of a monastery that had been previously razed to the ground by Normans. Hildegard died at Rupertsberg in the autumn of 1179.





Hildegard of Bingen (1098 -1178)



Ave generosa
Caritas abundat in omnia

O Frondens Virga

Quia felix pueritia













Orff  "Carmina Burana"


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