The Romantic Era

nineteenth century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Charles Gounod



The French composer Charles Gounod composed a work which for more than half a century was the staple ot every opera house in the world. Although Faust is no longer fashionable, and Gounod's reputation has dwindled to that of a relatively minor figure, his influence during his lifetime was considerable and his craftsmanship and elegance give enduring pleasure.

Born in Paris in 1818, Gounod studied at the Paris Conservatoire. In 1839 he won the coveted Prix de Rome and during the resulting three-year stay in Rome steeped himself in the sixteenth-century choral music sung in the Sistine Chapel. Palestrina was a particular revelation to him, and sacred music was to constitute a large, though now largely forgotten part of Gounod's output. Between 1846 and 1849 Gounod actually studied for the priesthood and throughout his life he vacillated between the spiritual and the carnal.

In 1842 Gounod visited Vienna, Berlin and Leipzig, where he met Mendelssohn — a composer he resembles in many ways. Back in Paris he became the organist at the Missions Etrangeres. He married in 1852 and started to compose operas, initially unsuccessful works in the style of Meyerbeer and then lighter and happier works such as Le medecin malgre lui in 1858.

But it was with Faust in 1859 that Gounod struck gold. The enduring popularity of the work is due above all to the extraordinary richness of melodic invention: from Marguerite's sparkling "Jewel Song" to Faust's fervent "Salut, demeure chaste et pure" there is scarcely an unmemorable tune in the whole opera.

The operas Mireille (1864) and Romeo et Juliette (1867) were also successful, but his stay in England between 1871 and 1874 was a mixed blessing. He was favoured by Queen Victoria and found an audience for his oratorios La redemption and Mors et vita; but he also came under the sway of the eccentric and notorious singer Georgina Weldon. Gounod's infatuation drew him into a turbulent, hysterical world. She was often involved in lawsuits, even attempting to blackmail Queen Victoria to obtain funds for her singing academy. Gounod returned to Pans in 1874, but although he lived on for two decades his rich period of creativity was over. Only the Petite symphonic (Little symphony) for wind instruments has a youthful freshness that reminds the listener of Gounod's happier years.


Charles Gounod



Charles Gounod (1818-1893)



Pierluigi Bortoluzzi
Ave Maria
Elisa Chiaraviglio
Ave Maria
-Martha Kostiouk Hollier
Ave Maria
Rare Roses
Ave Maria
Bach-Gounod-Zespol Muzyki Barokowej Veloce
Ave Maria
Elisa Chiaraviglio

Ave Maria

Chour des Marais
Serenade de Mephisto

Choeur des soldats

Zachary Gordin (bariton)
Invocation: Avant de quitter ces lieux
Rebekkah Hilgraves
Ah! je ris de me voir si belle
Irina Vasileva
Aria of Margareta

Julie Brown
"Romeo et Juliette"
Je veux vivre  



Eugene Delacroix





















J.S. Strauss







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