The Baroque Era

17th to mid-18th century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Marc-Antoine Charpentier

(с 1645 -1704)


Virtually nothing is known about Charpentier's early life - even his date of birth is uncertain. What is generally agreed is that he studied counterpoint and choral writing under Giacomo Carissimi in Rome for a period of time, and readily embraced the Italian music of the mid-seventeenth century. As a result, his initial compositions did not find a ready place in his native France; they were performed away from fashionable circles. Some of his first commissions were from the Duchess of Guise and he remained in her service until her death in 1688, writing motets, dramatic works, and sacred material for the convents in which she had interests. These were all pieces with the unusual feature of being composed specifically for performance by female voices.When Lully moved on from his work with the French dramatists, leaving Moliere without a collaborator, Moliere approached Charpentier. Together they developed productions for his theatrical company, which in time would be known as the Comedie Franause. Charpentier created new overcures and intennedes to replace Lully's, and even after Moliere's death in 1673 continued to work with this tamed troupe.In the early 1680s he was employed by the dauphin, the King's eldest son. He wrote a grand motet to mark the death of Queen Mane-Therese, as well as a number of well-received sacred works and two large-scale dramatic works. He later became music teacher to both the Regent of France and to the Duke of Chartres.Charpentier's love for music and his ability to progress without courtly favours made him a perfect candidate for the position of Maitre dc Musique and composer to the church of St Louis, the mam Jesuit church in Paris. At this time the Jesuits were an influential force; Charpentier wrote Latin dramas for their colleges as well as a great deal of music for their services. So illustrious a position in French musical life allowed the composer to combine his early kalian influences with his interest in drama. In 1693, Medee, Charpentier's only tragedie lyrique, modelled on Lully's work, was performed, but with little success.

Early in the summer of 1698, Charpentier was appointed Maitre de Musique at Ste-Chapelle, the second most prestigious musical position in all France (the first being the directorship of the Royal Chapel at Versailles). He occupied the post until his death in 1704 and there wrote some of his most impressive music, including the Missa Assumpta est Maria. This Mass displays a vast range of expression and shows Charpentier's skill at contrasting chorus and orchestra. The Te Deum, also written at Ste-Chapelle, features a four-part choir with eight soloists, and shows Charpentier's total command of religious music combined with a rare gift for melodic writing.



Marc-Antoine Charpentier



Marc-Antoine Charpentier (с 1645 -1704)



Messe de minuit pour Noel  Credo in unum Deum
"O vere, o bone Jesu"

Live Recording.  Dr. Jan Kraybill, harpsichord, Brenda Allen, cello
Elevation   Kyrie
Jesus Christ
Pastorale sur la naissance de notre Seigneur



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Still-life with Musical Instruments






















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