The Romantic Era

nineteenth century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Anton Bruckner



Bruckner was born in Ansfelden, in the rural heartland of Austria. Despite showing great musical promise as a child, he chose to follow in his father's footsteps and train as a schoolmaster. He entered upon a musical career by adding organ playing to his teaching duties during ten years' employment at the monastery of St Florian near Linz, where he had been a pupil.

He used his spare time to study with almost fanatical determination in various musical disciplines; yet when the post of cathedral organist at Linz became free in 1855, it was only with the greatest difficulty that he was persuaded to apply. Though very busy at Linz, Bruckner

found time to take a correspondence course in harmony and counterpoint with Simon Sechter at the Vienna Conservatoire. He received his diploma with distinction in 1861 — one of the panel remarked. "He should have examined us." In 1868, he once again needed considerable inducement to leave the security of his Linz position and take up a professorship at the Conservatoire, complete with salary increase.

Until 1863 Bruckner had written mainly meticulously crafted, anonymous church music, but his encounter with the works of Wagner provided the impulse to break free from all the rules and theory and to develop his own startlingly original voice. His first full symphony soon followed (1865—6) and then four more during the period 1871 to 1876.

He then met with various difficulties, starting with the reluctance of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra to perform what they regarded as wild and unplayable works. In response, Bruckner was persuaded, against his better judgment, to allow revisions and cuts to these gigantic symphonies, only to be attacked by the famous music critic Eduard Hanslick for formal inconsistencies. They are now increasingly played in their original form.

Wagner, however, supported Bruckner, praising him as the "only composer who measures up to Beethoven." Bruckner reciprocated by dedicating the sublime, funereal Adagio of his Seventh symphony (1884) to Wagner's memory. With this work he finally achieved widespread recognition, and his symphonies were performed as far afield as the United States. His Eighth symphony, however, was at first rejected and the consequent revisions took so much time that Bruckner died before finishing his Ninth symphony. The three movements he completed are in many ways his crowning achievement.


Anton Bruckner



Anton Bruckner (1824-1896)



Symphony No. 1
Rudolf Kempe conducts the Munich Philharmonic

Symphony No. 2
Rudolf Kempe conducts the Munich Philharmonic

Symphony No.3 (Finale)
cond. Fritz Lehmann

Symphony No. 5 (Scherzo)
Dol Dauber and Salon Orchestra

Symphony No. 8
cond. Happy Birthday

Symphony No. 9 (Extracts)
cond. Leighton Lucas

Ludwig K. Mayer and the Staedtisches Orchester
Four Orchestral Pieces
Overture in G Minor

Die KHG-Chor-Mottenkiste
Locus iste

Die KHG-Chor-Mottenkiste
Christus factus est



Eugene Delacroix





















J.S. Strauss







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