The Baroque Era

17th to mid-18th century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Thomas Arne



Thomas Arne was born into a family of London upholsterers and educated at Eton College. A quick grasp of music enabled him to teach his brother and sister to sing; when he was 23, they appeared in his first opera, Rosamond, styled "after the Italian manner." Its success led to commissions to write music for Drury Lane Theatre.

Arne composed many songs for productions of Shakespeare's plays, including As You Like It and The Tempest. "Under the greenwood tree" and "Where the bee sucks", for example, reveal his unique talent for lyrical, melodic writing. Of his other songs, the most famous is "Rule Britannia", from the masque Alfred, which was requested by the Prince of Wales and performed at Cliveden House on the Thames in 1740. Arne published annual collections of his vast output of songs, which in the main celebrate the rhythms of life and nature. In 1745, during the threat to the English Crown posed by the Young Pretender, Bonnie Prince Charlie, Arne's setting of "God Save the King" was sung every night by the gentlemen in the audience until the dangers had receded.

He had married the singer Cecilia Young in 1 737, but after a trip to Ireland in 1755 - during which, together with Arne's sister, they gave musical performances m Dublin, including Handel's Messiah — the marriage broke down.

Arne also turned his hand to the oratorio, writing Judith for Lent in 1761. In 1762 he premiered Artaxerxes, introducing the grander Italian style to many English concert-goers; it was the only English opera to be regularly performed until the nineteenth century.

For 20 years Arne gave concerts at London's pleasure gardens, such as Mary-lebone, Ranelagh, and Vauxhall. In his last decade he wrote Shakespeare ode and the masque The fairy prince. Rheumatism finally affected his ability to play, and he died in March 1778, comforted by a reconciliation with his wife Cecilia.



Thomas Arne



Thomas Arne (1710-1778)



  Six "Favourite concertos"
  Under the greenwood tree



Giandomenico Tiepolo






















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