The Baroque Era

17th to mid-18th century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Tomaso Albinoni



Tomaso Albinoni was born into a family of Venetian paper merchants m 1671. His father Antonio owned a number of shops as well as other properties around Venice. Being the eldest child, Tomaso was given a solid musical education, but appears to have enjoyed his personal freedom too much to consider taking employment within the church.

By the age of 23, however, he had begun to find his way. Me composed an opera, Zenobia Regina de Palmireni, which was staged, and followed this with a set of 12 trio sonatas. These two genres, secular vocal music and instrumental works, were Albinoni's two main concerns throughout his composing life, although his reputation rests largely on the latter, as little survives of his output of over 50 operas.

There are suggestions that Albinoni might have been briefly employed by the Duke of Mantua, but most likely he merely dedicated a work to him following a meeting at the opera in Venice. His operas began to enjoy success in Italy, and in 1705 he married the soprano Margherita Rimondi. Despite rearing six children she managed to continue her performing career, but died in her thirties. Albinoni's difficulties continued when he was the victim of a legal action by one of his father's creditors, which resulted in the family losing their shops.

Albinoni continued to write instrumental compositions and in 1707 published a set of 12 concertos for strings, followed in 1715 by two sets of oboe concertos that show his gift for fluid, melodic lines. His fortunes improved after he dedicated 12 concertos to Maximilian Emanuel II, Elector of Bavaria, in 1722, when he was invited to Munich to supervise the staging of one of his operas at Prince-Elector Karl Albert's marriage celebrations.

Ironically, the piece for which Albinoni is best known in fact owes little to him. The Adagio for strings and organ was elaborated from a fragmented manuscript by the twentieth-century Italian musicologist, Remo Giazotto. The piece owes its romantic character to some particularly lush string writing.

Albinoni associated little with his fellow composers, and although the influence of Corelli and Vivaldi can be traced, his musical ideas were relatively undiluted by others. This individuality, particularly in his instrumental works, along with the popular success of his apocryphal Adagio, makes Albinoni well worth discovering.



Tomaso Albinoni



Tomaso Albinoni (1671-1751)



Adagio in G minor for Organ and Strings
(Sofia Chamber Orchestra, Organ - Georgi Robev, Conductor - Alipi Naidehov) - complete
Concerto A Cinque
(I Solisti Zagreb) - complete

Allegro moderato
Allegro vivace


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