The Romantic Legacy

late nineteenth to early twentieth century

(Classical Music Map)


I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz

Isaac Albeniz



Born in Catalonia, Isaac Albeniz was a colourful character who showed almost unnatural musical talent; he gave Ins first piano recital at the age of four. His father, sensing the financial potential of such a prodigy, took him to Paris in 1867 hoping to enrol him at the Conservatoire. After exciting great admiration at his audition, the high-spirited boy spoiled the impression by throwing a ball through the window, whereupon the authorities refused to accept him. Two years later, he entered the Conservatoire in Madrid, but soon tired of the discipline and ran away, travelling around Spain and giving recitals. After stowing away on a ship bound for South America, he continued his itinerant musical life, giving performances in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the United States, before finally returning to Spam in 1873.

His youthful energies having diminished somewhat, Albeniz embarked upon a period of intense study in Paris, Leipzig, and Brussels. He realized a long-standing ambition in 1878, when he had the opportunity to work with his childhood idol, Liszt. By now a pianist of phenomenal capabilities, he toured Europe and, again, South America and became renowned for performing works by Chopin, Liszt, and Schumann, as well as his own compositions.

In 1883 he married and settled down. He met the Spanish nationalist composer and musicologist, Felipe Pedrell, who played a great part in encouraging Albeniz's interest in Spanish folk culture; in 1886 he produced the piano piece Suite espanola, in which Pedrell's influence is evident. Albeniz spent three years in London from 1890 to 1893, then moved to Paris, where he became acquainted with a circle of well-known composers, including Faurc, Debussy, and Dukas. While there he wrote his popular piece for piano, Cantos de Espana, which combines the dazzling virtuosity typical of Liszt with the rhythmic verve of Spanish folk dances.

The years from 1906 until his death in 1909 were spent composing a colourful and exotic suite for the piano entitled Iberia. It consists of 12 pieces of astounding technical difficulty and has become immensely popular. Invigorating and passionate, the music indisputably stands as Albeniz's crowning achievement as a composer. Like his other works, Iberia presents a refreshingly individual view of the central European Romantic tradition by combining it with the panache and vitality of Spanish popular music.


Isaac Albeniz



Isaac Albeniz (1860-1909)



C. Breemer
Cantos de Espana, op. 232
E. Helling
Preludio (Asturias/Leyenda)
Espana - 6 Album Leaves, op. 165
C. Breemer
Capricho Catalan
Suite Espanola Op. 47
Chase Coleman
Granada (Serenata)
Cataluna (Curranda)





















Strauss Richard



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