Developments in the 19th Century

 



Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map



 




The Birth of Realism


 




Jean-Francois Millet



 

 

Jean-Francois Millet

born Oct. 4, 1814, Gruchy, near Gréville, Fr.
died Jan. 20, 1875, Barbizon


French painter renowned for his peasant subjects.

Millet spent his youth working on the land, but by the age of 19 he was studying art in Cherbourg. In 1837 he arrived in Paris and eventually enrolled in the studio of Paul Delaroche, where he seems to have remained until 1839.

After the rejection of one of his entries for the Salon of 1840, Millet returned to Cherbourg, where he remained during mostof 1841, painting portraits. He achieved his first success in 1844 with “The Milkmaid” and a large pastel, “The Riding Lesson,” that has a sensual character typical of a large part of his production during the 1840s.

The peasant subjects, which from the early 1850s were to be Millet's principal concern, made their first important appearance at the Salon of 1848 with “The Winnower,” later destroyed by fire. In 1849, after a period of great hardship, Millet left Paris to settle in Barbizon, a small hamlet in the forest of Fontainebleau. He continued to exhibit paintings of peasants, and, as a result, periodically faced the charge of being a socialist. Letters of the period defending Millet's position underline the fundamentally classical nature of his approach to painting.

By the mid-1860s, Millet's work was beginning to be in demand; official recognition came in 1868, after nine major paintings had been shown at the exposition of 1867. Important collections of Millet's pictures are to be found in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and in the Louvre.




 

Woman with a rake
 


 


Norman Milkmaid


 


Man with a hoe



 

The Angelus



 

The sower



 

The Walk to Work



 

Shepherdess with her flock



 

Noonday Rest



 

Garden



 

Couseuse Endormie



 

Portrait of Madame Roux de la Noirie seated in an armchair




 

Portrait Of Eugene Canoville



 

La baratteuse



 

The Wood Sawyers



 

Faggot Carriers
 

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