Official Art


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)





Gustave Dore


born Jan. 6, 1832, Strasbourg, Fr.
died Jan. 23, 1883, Paris

French printmaker, one of the most prolific and successful book illustrators of the late 19th century, whose exuberant and bizarre fantasy created vast dreamlike scenes widely emulated by Romantic academicians.

In 1847 he went to Paris and from 1848 to 1851 produced weekly lithographic caricatures for the Journal pour Rire and several albums of lithographs (1847–54). His later fame rested on his wood-engraved book illustrations. Employing more than 40 woodcutters, he produced over 90 illustrated books. Among his finest were an edition of the Oeuvres de Rabelais (1854), Les Contes drolatiques of Balzac (1855), thelarge folio Bible (1866), and the Inferno of Dante (1861). He also painted many large compositions of a religious or historical character and had some success as a sculptor; his work in those media, however, lacks the spontaneous vivacity of his illustrations.


The History of the Crusades

Blondel hears the voice of Richard
Blondel de Nesle, dressed as a minstrel, finds the captive King Richard I
of England by singing the first two couplets of a song they composed jointly.
Hospitality of barbarians to pilgrims
Beginning to respect the cross of Christ, the armies of the Goths,
the Huns, and the Vandals protect the Crusaders on their journeys.
Fulk-Nerra assailed by the phantoms of his victims
Fulk-Nerra, Count of Anjou, is haunted by the spirits of those he has killed.
Peter the Hermit preaching the crusade
Peter the Hermit’s preaching inspires awe and reverence in the crowd of Crusaders.
The war cry of the Crusaders
At the start of spring, the Crusaders embark on their trek crying “Deus volt” (God wills it).
Walter the Penniless in Hungary
The Bulgarians kill many of Walter’s soldiers in retaliation after his army steals provisions and pillages their city.
The attack on Merseburg
In the battle against Merseburg, the Crusaders are panic-stricken when several ladders collapse under their weight.
The Second Crusaders encounter the remains of the First Crusaders
On the way to the Holy Land, the Crusaders discover the scattered
skeletal remains of the armies of Peter the Hermit and Walter the Penniless.
Celestial phenomena

The stars, ascending on the horizon in the shape of a cross and a wreath of thorns,
are thought to be a supernatural sign from God to the Crusaders.

Astonishment of the Crusaders at the wealth of the East
The Crusaders admire the innumerable riches and luxuries sent to Bohemond from the East.
Godfrey meets the remains of the army of Peter the Hermit
The few surviving soldiers of Peter’s army apprise
Godfrey and his Crusaders about the massacre by the Saracens.
Priests exhorting the Crusaders
Through motivational speeches, the priests give the
Crusaders spiritual support and encouragement.
Crusaders throwing heads into Nicaea
As a victorious gesture, severed heads from slaughtered
Turks are thrown into the city by the Crusaders.
The battle of Nicaea
Godfrey, Tancred, and the two Roberts fight valiantly, eventually defeating the Turks.
The battle of Dorylaeum
Under the supreme leadership of Bohemond, the Crusaders defeat the Turks in a lengthy battle.
After the battle of Dorylaeum
Returning to the battlefield to bury the dead, the Crusaders strip Saracen corpses.
The battle of Antioch
The sight of Antioch, so celebrated in the annals of Christianity,
revives the enthusiasm of the Crusaders.
Florine of Burgundy
Florine, the daughter of the Duke of Burgundy,
courageously fights alongside her fiance, the son of the king of Denmark.
Bohemond mounts the rampart of Antioch

Encountering reluctance among his soldiers, Bohemond scales the rampart himself,
unaccompanied by any of of his fearful followers.

The massacre of Antioch
Gaining access to the Turkish garrison by treachery,
the Crusaders brutally massacre thousands of people.
Barthélemi’s ordeal by fire

Carrying the holy lance, Barthélemi, priest of Marseilles,
prepares to walk through fire to prove his integrity.

The road to Jerusalem
A luminous angel guides the Crusaders marching at night.
The first view of Jerusalem
At the sight of Jerusalem on June 10, 1099,
the Crusaders shout out their battle cry triumphantly.
The second assault on Jerusalem
The Crusaders leave the battlefield disappointed after twelve hours of fighting 
The apparition of St. George on the Mount of Olives
Godfrey and Raymond behold St. George on the Mount of Olives. 

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