Gothic Era



Gothic Art Map
 


Memling
Hans
 


 
 
 

Memling Hans

(b Seligenstadt, 1430–40; d Bruges, 11 Aug 1494).

South Netherlandish painter of German origin. Together with Dieric Bouts I and Hugo van der Goes, he was one of the most important exponents of the new artistic developments that flourished in the southern Netherlands in the 15th century in the wake of Jan van Eyck, the Master of Flémalle and Rogier van der Weyden. Their principal innovation was to apply optic realism to devotional or mystical subjects. Although Memling lived in the turbulent period of transition from the Burgundian ruling house to that of the Habsburgs, little of this is evident in his work. His commissions were almost exclusively from rich burghers in Bruges (bankers, merchants and politicians) or churchmen and the occasional aristocrat. Often they were foreigners, especially Italians, who had political or financial connections with the town, whose central economic position was to last only a few decades longer. They had Memling paint their portraits, bust or full length, in devotional paintings or on altarpieces for their chapel in Bruges or back home. He seems not to have received official commissions (from the town council or court). An exceptional proportion of this oeuvre has survived. Besides about 20 altarpieces, often in several panels and of considerable size, there are about 15 individual paintings of the Virgin and Child, for which the side panels with figures or donor portraits are missing, another 20 paintings depicting saints or various themes from the Gospels and more than 30 portraits (some in the form of a diptych with a Virgin and Child ).

 




 


Nativity

1470-72
Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Cologne
 

 
 

Adoration of the Magi

c. 1470
Museo del Prado, Madrid
 

 

Scenes from the Passion of Christ (left side)

1470-71
Galleria Sabauda, Turin
 


 

Scenes from the Passion of Christ (detail)

1470-71
Galleria Sabauda, Turin
 


 

Scenes from the Passion of Christ (detail)

1470-71
Galleria Sabauda, Turin
 


 

Scenes from the Passion of Christ (detail)

1470-71
Galleria Sabauda, Turin
 


 

Scenes from the Passion of Christ (detail)

1470-71
Galleria Sabauda, Turin
 

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