The High Renaissance
 
&

Mannerism

 


 

 


Matthias Grunewald 
 
 
 

 

Matthias Grunewald 

(b ?Wurzburg, c. 1475–80; d Halle, 30 or 31 Aug 1528).

German painter, draughtsman, hydraulic engineer and architect. He is generally regarded as the greatest painter of the German Renaissance and certainly its greatest colourist. His paintings are unparalleled in their extraordinary beauty and expressive force. He was a man of profound religious beliefs whose vision transcended the visible world and led him to paint some of the most moving and memorable images of Christ’s Passion in Western art. His pictorial language is rooted in the symbolic imagery of the Middle Ages, especially the mysticism of the 14th century, but is at the same time proto-Baroque in its dramatic movement, in the highly expressive language of drapery forms and gestures and in the strong contrasts of light and shadow. Unlike Durer, he did not make prints; the linear techniques of printmaking were foreign to this quintessentially painterly artist. Even his drawings are consistently rendered in the painterly medium of black chalk rather than pen and ink.
 

        
             


Crucifixion

1501-02
Black chalk on brownish paper, heightened with white, 531 x 320 mm
Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe

 

 


An Apostle from the Transfiguration

c. 1511
Black chalk on brownish paper, heightened with white, 146 x 208 mm
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden

 

 

Virgin of the Annunciation

1512-14
Black chalk and indian ink on paper, heightened with white, 207 x 210 mm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


 

Woman Looking Up

1512-14
Black chalk on brownish paper, 384 x 283 mm
Private collection


 

Weeping Woman

1512-14
Black chalk on brownish paper, 403 x 297 mm
Private collection


 

Woman with Open Robe

1512-14
Black chalk on brownish paper, 384 x 283 mm
Private collection


 

Praying Woman

1512-14
Black chalk on yellowish paper, cut, 38 x 24 cm
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

 

Complaining Pharisee

c. 1511
Black chalk on yellowish paper, cut and mounted, 235 x 165 mm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin
 

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