The High Renaissance
 
&

Mannerism

 


 

 


Matthias Grunewald 
 
 
 

 

Matthias Grunewald 

(b ?Wurzburg, c. 1475–80; d Halle, 30 or 31 Aug 1528).

German painter, draughtsman, hydraulic engineer and architect. He is generally regarded as the greatest painter of the German Renaissance and certainly its greatest colourist. His paintings are unparalleled in their extraordinary beauty and expressive force. He was a man of profound religious beliefs whose vision transcended the visible world and led him to paint some of the most moving and memorable images of Christ’s Passion in Western art. His pictorial language is rooted in the symbolic imagery of the Middle Ages, especially the mysticism of the 14th century, but is at the same time proto-Baroque in its dramatic movement, in the highly expressive language of drapery forms and gestures and in the strong contrasts of light and shadow. Unlike Durer, he did not make prints; the linear techniques of printmaking were foreign to this quintessentially painterly artist. Even his drawings are consistently rendered in the painterly medium of black chalk rather than pen and ink.

         
              


The Mocking of Christ

1503
Oil on pine panel, 109 x 73,5 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


 

 


Fourteen Saints Altarpiece
(detail)
1503
Oil on wood, 159 x 68,5 cm
Parish church, Lindenhardt



 


Fourteen Saints Altarpiece
(detail)
1503
Oil on wood, 159 x 68,5 cm
Parish church, Lindenhardt



 


Fourteen Saints Altarpiece
(detail)
1503
Oil on wood, 159 x 153 cm
Parish church, Lindenhardt



 

St Lawrence and St Cyricus

1509-11
Grisaille on oak, 98 x 43 cm (each)
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt



 

St Elizabeth and a Saint Woman with Palm

1508-11
Grisaille on oak, 95 x 43 cm and 101 x 43 cm
Gemaldegalerie, Donaueschingen



 

Lamentation of Christ

before 1523
Oil on pine wood, 36 x 136 cm
Abbey Church, Aschaffenburg



 

Lamentation of Christ
(detail)
before 1523
Oil on pine wood
Abbey Church, Aschaffenburg



 

Lamentation of Christ
(detail)
before 1523
Oil on pine wood
Abbey Church, Aschaffenburg



 

Lamentation of Christ
(detail)
before 1523
Oil on pine wood
Abbey Church, Aschaffenburg



 

Carrying the Cross

1523-24
Oil on wood, 193 x 152,5 cm
Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe



 

Carrying the Cross
(detail)
1523-24
Oil on wood
Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe
 

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