The High Renaissance
 
&

Mannerism
 


   

 

 
 

Bronzino

 

 

 Agnolo Bronzino

born November 17, 1503, Monticelli, duchy of Milan [Italy]
died November 23, 1572, Florence


original name Agnolo , or Agniolo, Di Cosimo Florentine painter whose polished and elegant portraits are outstanding examples of the Mannerist style. These works are classic embodiments of thecourtly ideal under the Medici dukes of the mid-16th century; they influenced European court portraiture for the next century.

Bronzino was greatly influenced by the work of his teacher, the Florentine painter Jacopo da Pontormo. Bronzino adapted his master's eccentric, expressive style (early Mannerism) to create a brilliant, precisely linear style of his own that was also partly influenced by Michelangelo and the late works of Raphael. Bronzino served as the court painter to Cosimo I, duke of Florence, from 1539 until his death. His portraits, such as “Portrait of Eleanor of Toledo with Her Son Giovanni” (Uffizi, Florence), are preeminent examples of Mannerist portraiture: emotionally inexpressive, reserved, and noncommittal, yet arrestingly elegant and decorative. Bronzino's great technical proficiency and his stylized rounding of sinuous anatomical forms are also notable. He also painted sacred and allegorical works of distinction, suchas “The Allegory of Luxury,” or “Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time” (c. 1546; National Gallery, London), which reveals his love of complex symbolism, contrived poses, and clear, brilliant colours.

 

 


Portrait of Lucrezia Panciatichi

c. 1540
Oil on wood, 102 x 85 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
 

 

 


Portrait of Stefano IV Colonna

1546
Oil on panel, 125 x 95 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome
 

 


Allegorical Portrait of Dante

c. 1530
Oil on wood, 127 x 120 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington


 

Portrait of Bartolomeo Panciatichi

c. 1540
Tempera on wood, 104 x 84 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


 

Portrait of a Lady in Green

1530-32
Oil on panel, 76,7 x 65,4 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor


 

Adoration of the Shepherds

1535-40
Oil on wood, 65,3 x 46,7 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
 

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