Baroque and Rococo

 

 

Baroque and Rococo Art Map




Alonso Cano

 

 

Spain
died September 3, 1667, Granada


painter, sculptor, and architect, often called the Spanish Michelangelo for his diversity of talents. Although he led a remarkably tempestuous life, he produced religious works of elegance and ease.

Moving to Sevilla (Seville) in 1614, he studied sculpture under Juan Martínez Montañés and painting under Francisco Pacheco. Forced to leave Sevilla in 1637 because of a duel with the painter Llano y Valdés, he fled to Madrid and obtained the favour of the court. His activities as court painter ended in 1644, when, suspected ofthe murder of his wife, he had to escape to Valencia. He then returned to King Philip IV and successfully solicited a position as canon in the cathedral in Granada in 1652, but he was expelled for misbehaviour in 1656. Returning to Madrid, he took holy orders and was appointed chief architect of the Granada cathedral, a position he held until his death.

Cano painted extensively in Sevilla, Madrid, and Granada. The Sevilla paintings, among them Via Crucis and St. Francis Borgia, are influenced by Zurbarán, monumental and bold, with strong tenebroso (emphasis on darkness). The Madrid paintings, including St. Isidore's Miracle of the Well (1645–46), are more impressionistic, foreshadowing the workof Velázquez. Finally, the last paintings, from his stay in Granada, especially the Mysteries of the Virgin in the Cathedral, are harmonious, with a classic balance and symmetry.

No sculpture from his Seville period has survived, but many of his polychromed wood statues exist from his time in Granada. His finest work of sculpture, San Diego de Alcala (1653–57), is characteristic in its simplicity of design and its expressive eloquence.

Cano is most famous for his paintings and sculpture, but his facade for the cathedral at Granada is considered one of the most original works of Spanish architecture, bearing Cano's unique personal stamp and executed with remarkable expressive unity.


 


La Virgen y el Nino



 


La Virgen con el Nino


 

 


La anunciacion



 

Crucificado

Real Academia de Bellas Artes


 


Inmaculada


 

La Visitacion


 

Le Christ et la Samaritane

Real Academia de Bellas Artes


 


San Benito en la vision del y los tres angeles


 

San Francisco


 

San Jeronimo Penitente


 

San Juan Evangelista


 

San Juan Evangelista dando la comunion a la Virgen


 

San Pedro liberado por el angel


 

Los desposorios de la Virgen


 

Visitacion


 

Vision de San Antonio de Padua
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