Spanish artist, based in France and Italy until Franco's death in 1975,
whose politically and culturally radical targets were not only political
conservatism but also new art orthodoxies. He attacked Duchamp (Live
and Lei Die: The Tragic End of Marcel Duchamp, 1965) and the Nouveau
realisme group, Miro and Dali. Co-founder of the Salon de la Jeune
Peinture in 1963, A.'s aim was to create 'art that engages the spirit of
art more than its vocabulary', a statement which characterizes all his
activities. In solidarity with Cuban intellectuals, he and other members
of Jeune Peinture painted a mural in homage to the Cuban Revolution and
organized a 'Salle Rouge pour le Vietnam'. In 1968 they started the
Atelier Populaire at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, producing more than
300,000 posters. A.'s passionate commitment to radicalism informs his
idiosyncratic, often autobiographical, work, which also has great formal
qualities recognized widely after the 1980s.
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