A.r. group [Pol.
artysci rewolucyjni: ‘revolutionary artists’].
Polish group of avant-garde artists that flourished between 1929
and 1936. Its members were the sculptor Katarzyna Kobro, the painters
WLADYSLAW STRZEMINSKI and Henryk Stazewski, and the poets J.
Brzekowski and J. Przybos. It was founded by Strzeminski after he,
Kobro and Stazewski left the Praesens group. The group’s programme
chiefly reflected the views of Strzeminski. In two leaflets entitled
Kommunikaty a.r. (‘a.r. bulletins’) the group declared itself
in favour of a ‘laboratory’ version of Constructivism and an
avant-garde art that influenced social life in an indirect and gradual
manner. It opposed the politicization and popularization of art, which
it regarded as a debasement of artistic expression, but the group also
believed that rigorous, formal discipline, the organic construction of
a work, its coherence, effectiveness and economy of means, made art
somewhat synthetic or contrived. From 1933 the group’s announcements
regarding its programme appeared in the Lódz art magazine Forma.
Katarzyna Kobro (1898-1951)
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