Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 





Toyen




 

 

Toyen(Marie Cerminova)
 

(b Prague, 21 Sept 1902; d Paris, 9 Nov 1980). Bohemian painter, draughtsman and illustrator. She attended the School of Fine Arts in Prague (1919–20). In 1922 she met the painter Jindrich Styrsky with whom she collaborated until his death in 1942. In 1923 the couple joined the avant-garde Devetsil group in Prague. The group numbered artists, photographers, writers and architects among its members. During a three-year stay in Paris from 1925 to 1928 Toyen abandoned the Cubist syntax of her early work and began a series of impastoed semi-abstract paintings. Fjord (1928; Prague, N.G., Sternberk Pal.), along with other works of those years, attempted to realize visually the doctrines of poetic Artificialism in which impressions, feelings and images leave their imprint in abstract traces and vibrating colour sensations. Work of this type was given its label by Toyen and Styrsky to differentiate it from their earlier work and from other abstract forms of contemporary art. They exhibited their first Artificialist compositions in Paris at the Galerie de l’Art Contemporain in 1926.

 

 

Untitled


 



 


 A Lady with Dolphins
1934



 


 A Dolphin and Three Nymfs


 


A Girl Head behind Spider Web
1934


 


A Girl, an Owl and Stairs
1934


 


 A Girl Profile with a Branch


 


A Girl Face with Gentian



 


 A Girl in the Scarf
1934



 

  
 Two Masks


 


Epika
1936


 


 The Nest
1936


 


The Wise Old Man


 


 The Night


 


 Crying


 


The Reeds
1936


 


 A Torso in the Drapery and the Nest


 


The Face Behind the Window




Still Life with serviete

1929


 


A Lantern





On the Kitchen Table
1929


 


A Nest in the Branches


 


A Girl with a Violin
1931


 


 Lovers


 


A Face in the Tree


 


A Face on the Water Level


 


A Girl with the Pine Branches



 


A Girl with the Crucifix


 


A Girl at the Construction


 


Two Friends
1932


 


Two Girls with Flowers


 


A Flock of Crows


 


 Helen


 


Lovers at the Column


 


A Lover


 


Under the Eiffel Tower


 


The Fawn


 


Torso


 


 A Wonder with the Angel
1932


 


Susanne and the Wind Rose


 


Susanne with the Shell


 


Susanne with the Bird Plume


 


A Lady with the Sunshade
1945


 


A Girl with a Long Veil


 


A Lady with the Violets
1944


 


A Girl with Almond Eyes


 


A Girl with the Dandelion


 


A Girl with the Rose


 


A Girl with the Rosehips


 


A Girl with the Cones


 


A Girl sleeping under the Stars
1944


 


Sleeping on the Roses


 


A Girl in the Daydream


 


A Starry-Eyed Girl with a Flower
1939


 


 A Starry-Eyed Girl with the Rose


 


A Mirror


 


 A Mother and Sons


 


The Easter Wind
1946

 


 

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