Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 





Toyen





 

 

Toyen(Marie Cerminova)
 

(b Prague, 21 Sept 1902; d Paris, 9 Nov 1980). Bohemian painter, draughtsman and illustrator. She attended the School of Fine Arts in Prague (1919–20). In 1922 she met the painter Jindrich Styrsky with whom she collaborated until his death in 1942. In 1923 the couple joined the avant-garde Devetsil group in Prague. The group numbered artists, photographers, writers and architects among its members. During a three-year stay in Paris from 1925 to 1928 Toyen abandoned the Cubist syntax of her early work and began a series of impastoed semi-abstract paintings. Fjord (1928; Prague, N.G., Sternberk Pal.), along with other works of those years, attempted to realize visually the doctrines of poetic Artificialism in which impressions, feelings and images leave their imprint in abstract traces and vibrating colour sensations. Work of this type was given its label by Toyen and Styrsky to differentiate it from their earlier work and from other abstract forms of contemporary art. They exhibited their first Artificialist compositions in Paris at the Galerie de l’Art Contemporain in 1926.

 

 

Composition
1931


 

Composition
1931


 

 A Reader



 

Relache
1943


 

Opustene doupe
1937


 

Eclipse


 


Myten om ljuset
1946



 


Collage


 

Collage


 

Collage


 

Collage


 

The Gilletes
Photocollage, 1967


 


The Snap
Photocollage, 1967


 


The Hair
Photocollage, 1967


 

The Smile
Photocollage, 1967


 

The Chesnut
Photocollage, 1967


 

The Germination
Photocollage, 1967


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940


 

The Shooting Gallery
1939-1940
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