Art of the 20th Century





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Art Styles in 20th century Art Map





 




Paul Outerbridge






 

Paul Outerbridge

Paul Outerbridge, Jr. (1896–1958) was an American photographer noted for early use and experiments in color photography. Outerbridge was a fashion and commercial photographer, an early pioneer and teacher of color photography, and an artist who created erotic nudes photographs that could not be exibited in his lifetime.

Outerbridge, while still in his teens, worked as an illustrator and theatrical designer designing stage settings and lighting schemes. After an accident caused his discharge from the Royal Canadian Naval Air Service, in 1917, he enlisted in the U.S. Army where he did his first photography work. In 1921, Outerbridge enrolled in the Clarence H. White school of photography at Columbia University. Within a year his work began being reproduced in Vanity Fair and Vogue magazine.

In London, in 1925, the Royal Photographic Society invited Outerbridge to exhibit in a one-man show. Outerbridge then traveled to Paris and became friends with surrealist artists, Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp, and Berenice Abbott. In Paris, Outerbridge did a layout for the French Vogue magazine, met and worked with Edward Steichen, and built the largest, most completely equipped advertising photography studio of the times. In 1929, 12 of Outerbridge's photographs were included in the prestigious, German Film und Foto exhibition.

Returning to New York in 1929, Outerbridge opened a studio doing commercial and artistic work and began writing a monthly column on color photography for the U.S. Camera Magazine. Outerbridge worked in tri-color carbro process. In 1937, Outerbridge's photographs were included in an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art and, in 1940, Outerbridge published his seminal book, Photographing in Color, using high quality illustrations to explain his techniques. A scandal over his shocking, full-color erotic nude photography, led to Outerbridge retiring as a commercial photographer and moving to Hollywood in 1943, although he continued to contribute photo stories to magazines and write his monthly column. In 1945, Outerbridge married fashion designer Lois Weir and worked in their joint fashion company, Lois-Paul Originals.

One year after his death, Smithsonian Institution staged a one-man show of Outerbridge's photographs in 1959. Although his reputation has faded, revivals of Outerbridge's photography in 1970s and 1990s has periodically brought him into contemporary public knowledge.

 

 


Self-Portrait
1927


 


Kitchen Table
1921


 


Ide Collar
1922


 


Saltine Box
1922


 


Triumph of the Egg
1932


 


Images de Deauville
1936


 


Nude with bandleader's jacket
1936


 


Nude with mask and hat
1936


 


Party-mask with Shells
1936


 


Phoenix Rising
1937


 


Woman with claws
1937


 


Dutch Girl
1938


 


Woman with snake
1938


 


Tools with Blueprint


 


House Under Construction


 


Nude on a ladder


 


Torso
1936


 


Nude 2
1923


 


Marmon crankshaft
1923


 


42nd Street Elevated


 

Consciousness
1931


 


Semi-Abstraction


 


The Terrace


 


Cheese and Crackers


 


Toy Display (Circus)


 


Untitled
, circa 1925


William Current and His First Wife
1950


 


Glass bowl, chopping block and pan
1923

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