Art of the 20th Century



 




Art Styles in 20th century Art Map




 


 



Meret Oppenheim







 

 Meret Oppenheim

(b Berlin, 6 Oct 1913; d Berne, 15 Nov 1985).

Swiss painter and sculptor of German birth. She studied in Basle at the Kunstgewerbeschule from 1929 to 1930. After seeing an exhibition of Bauhaus work, including that of Paul Klee, at the Basle Kunsthalle, Oppenheim produced her first Surrealist work, a series of pen-and-ink drawings in a school notebook. Oppenheim’s earliest works reflect the influence of Klee and the artists of Neue Sachlichkeit. She moved to Paris in 1932 and studied briefly at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière before meeting the Surrealists through Alberto Giacometti and Hans Arp the following year. Oppenheim quickly became known as the perfect embodiment of the Surrealist woman, the femme-enfant, who through her youth, naivety and charm was believed to have more direct and spontaneous access to the realms of the dream and the unconscious. She was celebrated by the Surrealists as the ‘fairy woman whom all men desire’. Man Ray posed her nude with an etching press in a celebrated series of photographs that includes Erotique voilée (1933). She first exhibited with the Surrealists in the Salon des Surindépendants in 1933, then participated in Surrealist meetings and exhibitions until 1937 and again, more sporadically, after World War II. Her participation ended shortly before André Breton’s death in 1966.




 


Meret Oppenheim in 1933

 


Meret Oppenheim

 

 


 Med tatuering, 1980

 


Meret Oppenheim in 1980


 


Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
Portrait of Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
 Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
 Meret Oppenheim


 


Man Ray
Meret Oppenheim


 


Object (Luncheon in Fur)
1936


 


Breakfast in Fur
1936


 


Tisch mit Vogelfьssen
1939


 


Das Ohr von Giacometti
1933


 


Untitled
1952


 


Le couple
1956


 


Weisser Kopf, blaues Gewand
1935


 


My Nurse
1936


 


My Nurse
1936


 


Unterirdische Schleife
1960


 


Uhrzeit Venus


 


Quelle
1959


 


Personnages
1951


 


Red Head, Blue Body
1936


 


Untitled


 


Etwas unter einem Heuhaufen
1969


 


Fahne
1974


 


Kleine weisse Schale und Messer


 


Frau mit Hut


 


Ich bin ein Wickelkind


 


Oh-oh-das Schicksal der Menschen!
1971

 


Am Wasser


 


Untitled


Untitled

   

 

 

 

   


Tete du poete
1966


Necklace
1937

   

 



 

   


Ring
1985


Ring
1985

   

 



 

   


Ring
1985


Untitled

   

 



 

   


Stone-woman
1938


Untitled
1964

   



 


Hermes Fountain


 


 Fountain

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