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Soviet Nonconformist Art




 

 
 



Mihail Chemiakin

 

Mihail Chemiakin was born in Moscow in 1943, grew up in occupied East Germany, and returned to Russia in 1957 where he was admitted to the Special High School of the Repin Academy of Art in Leningrad.  He was expelled from art school for failing to conform to Socialist Realist norms, and from 1959-1971 worked as a laborer in various capacities.  He was subjected to compulsory treatment at a mental institution, which was a standard way of dealing with ideological dissidents at that time. For five years he worked on the maintenance crew of the Hermitage Museum. In 1967, the artist founded the St. Petersburg Group and developed the philosophy of Metaphysical Synthesism, dedicated to the creation of a new form of icon painting based on the study of religious art of all ages and peoples.

 In 1971 Chemiakin was forced out of the USSR by the Soviet authorities.  He settled first in France, then moved to New York City in 1981. While in Paris he edited and published Apollon-77, an almanach of post-Stalinist art, poetry and photography in which many of the “non-conformists” were first published.  Chemiakin also recorded and published the first disks of gypsy singers Vladimir Poliakoff and Aliocha Dmitrievich, both of whom lived in Paris.  He worked for several years with Russian bard Vladimir Vysotsky, systematically recording his songs for what became a seven-record set of Vysotsky’s music.  Chemiakin continues to publish books and music by under-recognized artists under the aegis of the Apollon Art Research Foundation.

In 1989, the return of Chemiakin’s work to post-Communist Russia began with the first exhibition of his work there since his exile.  Subsequently, he continued to show his work in Russia and has installed four monuments in St. Petersburg, to Peter the Great, to the Victims of Political Repressions, to the Architects and Builders of St. Petersburg, and to assassinated deputy mayor M. Manevich.  Chemiakin’s Cybele: Goddess of Fertility stands in New York’s SoHo.  A variation on the monument to Peter the Great is on permanent display in Normandy.  In 1998 Chemiakin’s Monument to Giacomo Casanova was installed in Venice in honor of the bicentenary of Casanova’s death.  Dialogue between Plato and Socrates, a memorial to Professor Harold Yuker, is installed at Hofstra University in New York; a monument to actor Savely Kramarov stands in San Francisco.  Chemiakin’s monument to Children - Victims of the Sins of Adults, commissioned by the city of Moscow, stands in Bolotnaya Square in the city’s historic center.

The research begun in the 1960s into the art of all ages and peoples has developed into a collection of millions of images organized into technical, historical and philosophical categories which has earned the artist five Honorary Doctorates and is the basis for his Institute of the Philosophy and Psychology of Art.

Chemiakin’s first theatrical work was at the Rimsky-Korsakov Conservatory in St. Petersburg (then Leningrad) in 1967.  He designed a production of Shostakovich’s opera-bouffe The Nose which was directed by Fialkovsky.  As everyone involved knew in advance, the production was closed down by the authorities immediately after the premiere.  Chemiakin’s first ballet production, The Nutcracker, premiered directly across Theater Square from the Conservatory, 34 years later.

 

 


Carnaval de St Petersburg I


Carnaval de St Petersburg II


Carnaval de St Petersburg III : la luge


Carnaval de St Petersburg IV : les gendarmes


9Carnaval de St Petersburg V


Chemiakin ou Picasso mis а neuf
I


Chemiakin ou Picasso mis а neuf
II


Chemiakin ou Picasso mis а neuf
III


Chemiakin ou Picasso mis а neuf
IV


Chemiakin ou Picasso mis а neuf V


Deux gnomes


La momie


Le buste rouge


Le contrebassiste


Le masque de carnaval


Le ventre de Paris 01


Le ventre de Paris 02


Le ventre de Paris 03


Le ventre de Paris 04


Le ventre de Paris 05


Le ventre de Paris 06


Le ventre de Paris 07


Le ventre de Paris 08


Le ventre de Paris 0
9


Le ventre de Paris 10


Le ventre de Paris 11


Le ventre de Paris 12


Le ventre de Paris 13


Le ventre de Paris 14


Le ventre de Paris 15


Nature morte


Suite Carnaval de Saint Petersbourg 1


Suite Carnaval de Saint Petersbourg 2


Suite Carnaval de Saint Petersbourg 3



Suite Carnaval de Saint Petersbourg
4


Suite Carnaval de Saint Petersbourg 5

 

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