Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map

 





Jacob
Epstein





 


 

Sir Jacob Epstein
 

(b New York, 10 Nov 1880; d London, 19 Aug 1959).

British sculptor of American birth. Although he spent his childhood in New York, Epstein defined his identity as an artist only after moving to London in 1905. He had studied at the Arts Students League in New York before moving to the Académie Julien in Paris. His first two years in London remain relatively obscure, but in 1907 the architect Charles Holden invited him to execute a major commission for the new headquarters of the British Medical Association in The Strand (now Zimbabwe House). Holden and Epstein were united by their enthusiasm for Walt Whitman’s poetry, and they agreed that 18 large figures should be carved for the building’s façade, celebrating nakedness in the spirit of Whitman’s poems. Epstein himself announced that the scheme would celebrate ‘the great primal facts of man and woman’, and he managed to fuse the ‘medical’ side of the commission with his own most personal preoccupations: erotic delight, mortality, motherhood, virility and above all an uninhibited celebration of humanity in dignified nakedness. The National Vigilance Society, affronted by his figure of Maternity, started a vituperative press campaign to have the carvings removed. The assault nearly succeeded, and Epstein became notorious. However, the combined support of eminent artists, critics and museum directors saved the statues for the time being, although they were severely mutilated 20 years later, when the building’s disapproving new owners declared that their condition was unsafe.

 


 


Day And Night



 

St Michael's Victory over the Devil
1958



 

Tomb of Oscar Wilde
Cemetary of Pere Lachaise, Paris
1909-1912



 

Tomb of Oscar Wilde



 

Tomb of Oscar Wilde



 

The Rock Drill
1913-14



 

Rock Drill



 

Sungod
1910



 

Maquette for the W. H. Hudson Memorial
1922-1923



 

Narcissus
1909-1910



 

Romilly John
1907


 

The Risen Christ
1917-19


 


Genesis
1929


Genesis
1929



 

Jacob Kramer
1921


 

Bust of Joseph Conrad


 

Jacob and the Angel
1940


 

Adam


 

Baby Asleep
1902


 


Maternity
1910


 


Head of a Girl
1919


 

1939-1945 War Memorial
1956-57


 

1939-1945 War Memorial
1956-57


 

1939-1945 War Memorial
1956-57


 

Baby's Head


 

Birth
1913-1914


 
Cast from a Strand statue


 
Cast from a Strand statue


 
Cast from a Strand statue


 
Cast from a Strand statue


 
Cast from a Strand statue


 
Cast from a Strand statue


 

Cast from a Strand statue
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