Art of the 20th Century


Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map





Baron James (Sidney Edouard) Ensor

(b Ostend, 13 April 1860; d Ostend, 19 Nov 1949).

Belgian painter, printmaker and draughtsman. No single label adequately describes the visionary work produced by Ensor between 1880 and 1900, his most productive period. His pictures from that time have both Symbolist and Realist aspects, and in spite of his dismissal of the Impressionists as ‘superficial daubers’ he was profoundly concerned with the effects of light. His imagery and technical procedures anticipated the colouristic brilliance and violent impact of Fauvism and German Expressionism and the psychological fantasies of Surrealism. Ensor’s most memorable and influential work was almost exclusively produced before 1900, but he was largely unrecognized before the 1920s in his own country. His work was highly influential in Germany, however: Emil Nolde visited him in 1911, and was influenced by his use of masks; Paul Klee mentions him admiringly in his diaries; Erich Heckel came to see him in the middle of the war and painted his portrait (1930; Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz-Mus.); Alfred Kubin owned several of his prints, while Marc Chagall and George Grosz also adapted certain elements from Ensor. All the artists of the Cobra group saw him as a master. He influenced many Belgian artists including Léon Spilliaert, Rik Wouters, Constant Permeke, Frits van den Berghe, Paul Delvaux and Pierre Alechinsky.





Skeletons Fighting Over a Pickled Herring


The Man of Sorrows


The Strange Masks


The Wise Judges


Figures in Front of the Playbill of La Gamme d'Amour


Skeleton in the Studio


The Bad Doctors


The Artist's Mother in Death


El teatro de mascaras


The Grotesque Singers


Carnival in Flanders




The Vile Vivisectors




The Bourgeois Salon


The Lady with the Red Parasol


Afternoon in Ostend

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