Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 





James
Ensor



 


 

Baron James (Sidney Edouard) Ensor
 

(b Ostend, 13 April 1860; d Ostend, 19 Nov 1949).

Belgian painter, printmaker and draughtsman. No single label adequately describes the visionary work produced by Ensor between 1880 and 1900, his most productive period. His pictures from that time have both Symbolist and Realist aspects, and in spite of his dismissal of the Impressionists as ‘superficial daubers’ he was profoundly concerned with the effects of light. His imagery and technical procedures anticipated the colouristic brilliance and violent impact of Fauvism and German Expressionism and the psychological fantasies of Surrealism. Ensor’s most memorable and influential work was almost exclusively produced before 1900, but he was largely unrecognized before the 1920s in his own country. His work was highly influential in Germany, however: Emil Nolde visited him in 1911, and was influenced by his use of masks; Paul Klee mentions him admiringly in his diaries; Erich Heckel came to see him in the middle of the war and painted his portrait (1930; Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz-Mus.); Alfred Kubin owned several of his prints, while Marc Chagall and George Grosz also adapted certain elements from Ensor. All the artists of the Cobra group saw him as a master. He influenced many Belgian artists including Léon Spilliaert, Rik Wouters, Constant Permeke, Frits van den Berghe, Paul Delvaux and Pierre Alechinsky.

 




 
 

 

 

Skeletons Fighting Over a Pickled Herring



 


The Man of Sorrows



 


The Strange Masks



 


The Wise Judges



 


Figures in Front of the Playbill of La Gamme d'Amour



 


Skeleton in the Studio



 


The Bad Doctors



 


The Artist's Mother in Death



 


El teatro de mascaras



 


The Grotesque Singers



 


Carnival in Flanders



 


Lust



 


The Vile Vivisectors



 


Gluttony



 


The Bourgeois Salon



 


The Lady with the Red Parasol



 


Afternoon in Ostend

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