Art of the 20th Century


Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map





Baron James (Sidney Edouard) Ensor

(b Ostend, 13 April 1860; d Ostend, 19 Nov 1949).

Belgian painter, printmaker and draughtsman. No single label adequately describes the visionary work produced by Ensor between 1880 and 1900, his most productive period. His pictures from that time have both Symbolist and Realist aspects, and in spite of his dismissal of the Impressionists as ‘superficial daubers’ he was profoundly concerned with the effects of light. His imagery and technical procedures anticipated the colouristic brilliance and violent impact of Fauvism and German Expressionism and the psychological fantasies of Surrealism. Ensor’s most memorable and influential work was almost exclusively produced before 1900, but he was largely unrecognized before the 1920s in his own country. His work was highly influential in Germany, however: Emil Nolde visited him in 1911, and was influenced by his use of masks; Paul Klee mentions him admiringly in his diaries; Erich Heckel came to see him in the middle of the war and painted his portrait (1930; Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz-Mus.); Alfred Kubin owned several of his prints, while Marc Chagall and George Grosz also adapted certain elements from Ensor. All the artists of the Cobra group saw him as a master. He influenced many Belgian artists including Léon Spilliaert, Rik Wouters, Constant Permeke, Frits van den Berghe, Paul Delvaux and Pierre Alechinsky.





Ensor with Masks


Ensor at his Easel


Ensor with Flowered Hat




Self-Portrait with Masks


La aniquilacion del angel rebelde


Old Woman with Masks


Masks Fighting over a Hanged Man


The Astonnishment of the Masks Wouse


Skeleton Looking at Chinoiseries


Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889


Skeletons Trying to Warm Themselves


Demons Teasing Me


Cristo agonizante


The Lady in Distress


Children Washing


Child with Doll

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