Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






Marcel Duchamp




 


 

Marcel Duchamp

 

(b Blainville, Normandy, 28 July 1887; d Neuilly-sur-Seine, 2 Oct 1968).

French painter, sculptor and writer. The art and ideas of Duchamp, perhaps more than those of any other 20th-century artist, have served to exemplify the range of possibilities inherent in a more conceptual approach to the art-making process. Not only is his work of historical importance—from his early experiments with Cubism to his association with Dada and Surrealism—but his conception of the ready-made decisively altered our understanding of what constitutes an object of art. Duchamp refused to accept the standards and practices of an established art system, conventions that were considered essential to attain fame and financial success: he refused to repeat himself, to develop a recognizable style or to show his work regularly. It is the more theoretical aspects implicit to both his art and life that have had the most profound impact on artists later in the century, allowing us to identify Duchamp as one of the most influential artists of the modern era.

 

 

Fountain
1917


 

Bicycle Wheel
1913
Metal wheel mounted on painted wood stool


 

The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass).
1915-1923
Oil, varnish, lead foil, lead wire, and dust on two glass panels


 

The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass).
1915-1923
(detail)


 

The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass).
1915-1923
(detail)


 


The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass).
1915-1923


 


3 Standard Stoppages
1913


 

Female Fig Leaf



 

 Wedge of Chastity



 

To Be Looked at (from the Other Side of the Glass) with One Eye, Close to, for Almost an Hour.
1918
Oil, silver leaf, lead wire, and magnifying lens on glass (cracked),
mounted between panes of glass in a standing metal frame



 

Bottle Rack



 

Rotary Demisphere (Precision Optics)
1925
Painted papier mâché demisphere fitted on velvet-covered disk,
copper collar with plexiglass dome, motor, pulley, and metal stand


 


Rotative Glass Plates
1920


 


Fresh Widow
1920
Miniature French window, painted wood frame, and panes of glass covered with black leather


 


Why Not Sneeze Rose Sélavy?
Painted metal birdcage containing marble blocks, thermometer, and piece of cuttlebone


 

Box in a Valise
1935-41
Leather valise containing miniature replicas, photographs,
color reproductions of works by Duchamp, and one "original" drawing (Large Glass, collotype on celluloid)


 

Box in a Valise
1935-41


 

Box in a Valise
1935-41


 

Box in a Valise
1935-41


 

Box in a Valise
1935-41


 

Box in a Valise


 

Box in a Suitcase


 

Female Fig Leaf
1950



 

L.H.O.O.Q. Shaved.
1965
Playing card with colored ink on printed invitation


 


L.H.O.O.Q.


 


Wedge of Chastity
1954
Plaster in two sections, partly painted


 

Wedge of Chastity


 

Dart Object
1951



 

Rotativ
e Glass Plates
1920


 

Rotative Glass Plates


 


Glider Containing a Water Mill in Neighboring Metals

1915

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