Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






Marcel Duchamp




 


 

Marcel Duchamp

 

(b Blainville, Normandy, 28 July 1887; d Neuilly-sur-Seine, 2 Oct 1968).

French painter, sculptor and writer. The art and ideas of Duchamp, perhaps more than those of any other 20th-century artist, have served to exemplify the range of possibilities inherent in a more conceptual approach to the art-making process. Not only is his work of historical importance—from his early experiments with Cubism to his association with Dada and Surrealism—but his conception of the ready-made decisively altered our understanding of what constitutes an object of art. Duchamp refused to accept the standards and practices of an established art system, conventions that were considered essential to attain fame and financial success: he refused to repeat himself, to develop a recognizable style or to show his work regularly. It is the more theoretical aspects implicit to both his art and life that have had the most profound impact on artists later in the century, allowing us to identify Duchamp as one of the most influential artists of the modern era.

 

 

Three Duchamp brothers, left to right:
Marcel Duchamp, Jacques Villon, and Raymond Duchamp-Villon
in the garden of Jacques Villon's studio in Pateaux, France, in 1914


 

Rrose Selavy (Marcel Duchamp)
1921
Photograph by Man Ray


 

Marcel Duchamp playing chess Artist Kay Bell Reynal




 

Portrait of Yvonne Duchamp
1907


 

Two Nudes
1910


 


Padre


 


Hombre sentado junto a una ventana


 


El matorral


 


Desnudo con medias negras


 


La partida de ajedrez


 


Apolinère Enameled


 


Joven y muchacha en primavera


 


Yvonne y Magdeleine recortadas


 

Apropos of Little Sister
1911


 


Sonata


 


Retrato o Dulcinea


 


Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
1912


 


Nude, Sad Young Man on a Train
1911


 


The Passage from Virgin to Bride
1912


 


The King and Queen Surrounded by Swift Nudes

1912


 


Die verheiratete Frau
1912


 


Retrato de jugadores de ajedrez
 

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