Art of the 20th Century


Art Styles in 20th century Art Map


Enrico Donati



Enrico Donati


(b Milan, 19 Feb 1909).

American painter and sculptor of Italian birth. He studied economics at the Università degli Studi, Pavia, and in 1934 moved to the USA, where he attended the New School for Social Research and the Art Students’ League in New York. His first one-man shows were in New York in 1942, at the New School for Social Research and the Passedoit Gallery. At this stage he was clearly drawn to Surrealism. This was reinforced by meeting André Breton and coming into contact with Duchamp and the other European Surrealists in New York at the time. A typical work of this period, St Elmo’s Fire (1944; New York, MOMA), contains strange organic formations suggestive of underwater life. Donati was one of the organizers of the Exposition internationale du Surréalisme held in Paris in the summer of 1947, to which he contributed a painting and two sculptures. In the late 1940s he responded to the crisis in Surrealism by going through a Constructivist phase, from which he developed a calligraphic style and drew on to melted tar, or diluted paint with turpentine. He also became associated with Spazialismo, founded by Lucio Fontana. Thus began his long fascination with surface and texture, including mixing paint with dust, that culminated in the 1950s in his Moonscapes, a series that has similarities with the work of Dubuffet. The fossil became a major theme for Donati through the 1960s, and he gave new importance to colour in his Fossil works, for example in Red Yellow Fossil (1964). In 1961 he was given a major retrospective at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels and frequently exhibited at group shows in the USA and elsewhere. He held a number of important teaching and advisory posts, including Visiting Lecturer at Yale University (1962–72).



Mandragore Split Twins


Méditation d'Erasme




Les hauts-de-hurle-vent


Le reve de Pegase


Spaziale fiorito




Self Born


Snake Blue


Tout mais pas la Meduse


Time Exposure


Une des feuilles chante la priere


Spaziale XVI


Spaziale XXX








Multiplication en bleu creation du mal


Pourquoi pas!


Multiplication de l'oeuf


Chambre a rayons programmes


Cellule entouree d'une enveloppe secretee par elle-meme


Wheel of Fortune

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