Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 





Otto
Dix



 


 

Otto Dix
 

(b Untermhaus, nr Gera, 2 Dec 1891; d Singen, 25 July 1969).

German painter, printmaker and watercolourist. His initial training (1905–14) in Gera and Dresden was as a painter of wall decorations, but he taught himself the techniques of easel painting from 1909 and began concentrating on portraits and landscapes in a veristic style derived from northern Renaissance prototypes. After seeing exhibitions of paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Dresden, 1912) and by the Futurists (1913), he quickly fused these influences into a randomly coloured Expressionism. Volunteering as a machine-gunner during World War I, he served in the German army (1914–18), making innumerable sketches of war scenes, using alternately a realistic and a Cubo-Futurist style. The experience of war, moreover, became a dominant motif of his work until the 1930s. He later commented: ‘War is something so animal-like: hunger, lice, slime, these crazy sounds ... War was something horrible, but nonetheless something powerful ... Under no circumstances could I miss it! It is necessary to see people in this unchained condition in order to know something about man’.

 




 
 

 

 


Self-Portrait


 


Self-Portrait


 


Self-Portrait


 


Self-Portrait as a Target


 


Hugo Erfurth con un perro


 


Arbeiterjunge


 


Surburban Scene


 


Frau Dr. Kosh


 


Woman Lying on a Leopard Skin


 


The Flare


 


Flanders


 


Triptych of War
1929-32


 

Moon Woman
1919


 

Self-portrait as Mars
1915


 

Pregnant Woman
1919


 

Prager Street
1920


 

The Skat PLayers
1920


 

Suleika, the Tatooed Wonder
1929


 

At the Mirror
1921


 

Dr. Hans Koch, the Dermatologist and Urologist
1921


 

To Beauty
1922


 

Portrait of Dr. Heinrich Stadelmann
1922


 

Portrait of the Art Dealer Johanna Ey
1924


 

Nelly with Toy
1924


 

Portrait of the Dancer Anita Berber
1925


 

Portrait of the Painter Adolf Uzarski
1923


 

Still Life with Widow's Veil
1925


 

Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden
1926


 

Newborn Baby on Hands
1927


 

Portrait of the Painter Franz Radziwill
1928


 

Portrait of the Actor Heinrich George as Terje Wiggen
1932


 

The Seven Cardinal Sins
1933


 

Triumph of Death
1934


 

Mother and Eva
1935


 

St. Christopher IV
1939


 

Masks as Ruins
1946


 

Three Prostitutes on the Street
1925
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