Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 





Victor Brauner






 

 

Victor Brauner

(b Piatra Neamt, Moldavia, 15 June 1903; d Paris, 12 March 1966).
Romanian painter, sculptor and draughtsman, active in France. As a child, he shared his father’s passionate interest in spiritualism, heralding a lasting preoccupation with the occult. In 1912 he accompanied his family to Vienna, and from 1916 to 1918 attended the evangelical school at Braila, near Galati, studying zoology with great enthusiasm; he also started to paint. In 1921 he spent a brief period at the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest, where his first exhibition was held in 1924 at the Galerie Mozart. The same year, Brauner and the poet Ilarie Voronca founded the review 75HP, in which he published his manifesto of ‘Pictopoésie’ and an article on ‘Le Surrationalisme’. From 1928 until 1931 he worked with the Dada and Surrealist review UNU, which reproduced his drawings and paintings. Settling in Paris in 1930, he met Constantin Brancusi, who introduced him to photography, and Yves Tanguy, through whom he met the major Surrealists. He lived in the same building as Tanguy and Alberto Giacometti. His premonitory Self-portrait with Enucleated Eye (1931; Paris, priv. col.) became a cause célèbre for the Surrealists, whom he joined officially in 1932. André Breton wrote the introduction for his first one-man show at the Galerie Pierre in 1934, the year of Monsieur K’s Power of Concentration (Paris, priv. col.) and the Strange Case of Monsieur K (priv. col.), departures from Brauner’s earlier work and reminiscent of Alfred Jarry’s Père Ubu. Returning to Bucharest briefly in 1935, he joined the clandestine Romanian Communist Party but left in 1936 at the beginning of the Soviet show trials.

 



 


Self-portrait with a plucked eye
1931


 

Przybor ksiezyca
1946


 

La pietra filosofale
1940


 

Levasjon


 

Suicide at Down

 


The Strange Case of Monsieur K.
1933

 

Memoire Des Reflexes
1954


 

Tete
1952


 

Untitled
1945


 

Televentre Stampa d'Arte


 

Untitled


 

Rysunek woskiem
1946


 

Bestiaire


 

Code of Face 1


 

Kobieta we wnetrzu


 

Portrait of Thelonius Monk


 

Untitled


 

Biernosc uprzejma


 

Kompozycja


 

Szkic do aktu


 

Mythotomie
1942



 

Zrodla glebinowe


 

Portrait


 

Planeta zwierzat


 

Pejzaz dobrogea


 

Para


 

Trzy nagie kobiety



 


Mloda kobieta


 

Kompozycja ze zwierzetami fantast


 

Kobieta na plazy


 

Ryby


 

Untitled


 

Przemiana symboliczna


 

Untitled


 

Stephane Roll


 

Kontemplacja


 

Portrait


 

Conglomeros
1945


 

Loup-Table (wolf table)
1939-1947


 

Talisman
1943


 

Nombre
1943
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