Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 




Karel Appel




 


 

Karel Appel

b. 1921, Amsterdam; d. 2006, Zurich

 was born on April 25, 1921, in Amsterdam. From 1940 to 1943 he studied at the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam. In 1946 his first solo show was held at Het Beerenhuis in Groningen, the Netherlands, and he participated in the Jonge Schilders exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum of Amsterdam. About this time Appel was influenced first by Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, then by Jean Dubuffet. He was a member of the Nederlandse Experimentele Groep and established the COBRA movement in 1948 with Constant, Corneille, and others. In 1949 Appel completed a fresco for the cafeteria of the city hall in Amsterdam, which created such controversy that it was covered for ten years.

In 1950 the artist moved to Paris; there the writer Hugo Claus introduced him to Michel Tapié, who organized various exhibitions of his work. Appel was given a solo show at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels in 1953. He received the UNESCO Prize at the Venice Biennale of 1954, and was commissioned to execute a mural for the restaurant of the Stedelijk Museum in 1956. The following year Appel traveled to Mexico and the United States and won a graphics prize at the Ljubljana Biennial in Yugoslavia. He was awarded an International Prize for Painting at the Sao Paulo Bienal in 1959. The first major monograph on Appel, written by Claus, was published in 1962. In the late 1960s the artist moved to the Château de Molesmes, near Auxerre, southeast of Paris. Solo exhibitions of his work were held at the Centre National d’Art Contemporain in Paris and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam in 1968, and at the Kunsthalle Basel and the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels in 1969. During the 1950s and 1960s he executed numerous murals for public buildings. A major Appel show opened at the Centraal Museum in Utrecht in 1970, and a retrospective of his work toured Canada and the United States in 1972.

 

 

 

Questioning Children
1949


 

Hip, Hip, Hoorah!
1949



 

People, Birds and Sun
1954


 


Personages, suite of four


 


Untitled
1975



 

Heads in a Colourful Landscape
1965



 

Composicao



 

Amorous Dance
1955



 

Untitled
1960



 


Questioning children


 


Abstract Composition


 


Animal


 


Caballos Salvajes


 


Conversation


 


Creeping Cat


 


Heads in Space


 


Personages, suite of four


 


Personages, suite of four


 


Questioning Children



Untitled


 


Untitled


 


Untitled


 


Untitled


 


Untitled




 


Farmer with donkey and pail

 

 

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