Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 



Chuck Close
 


 

Chuck Close

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chuck Thomas Close (born July 5, 1940, Monroe, Washington) is an American painter and photographer who achieved fame as a photorealist, through his massive-scale portraits. Though a catastrophic spinal artery collapse in 1988 left him severely paralyzed, he has continued to paint and produce work which remains sought after by museums and collectors.

Most of his early works are very large portraits based on photographs (Photorealism or Hyperrealism technique). In 1962, he received his B.A. from the University of Washington in Seattle. He then attended graduate school at Yale University, where he received his MFA in 1964. After Yale, he lived in Europe for a while on a Fulbright grant. When he returned to the US, he worked as an art teacher at the University of Massachusetts.

In 1969 his work was included in the Whitney Biennial. His first one man show was in 1970. Close's work was first exhibited at the New York Museum of Modern Art in early 1973. One demonstration of the way photography became assimilated into the art world is the success of photorealist painting in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It is also called super-realism or hyper-realism and painters like Richard Estes, Denis Peterson, Audrey Flack, and Chuck Close often worked from photographic stills to create paintings that appeared to be photographs. The everyday nature of the subject matter of the paintings likewise worked to secure the painting as a realist object.

One photo of Philip Glass was included in his black and white series in 1969, redone with water colors in 1977, again redone with stamp pad and fingerprints in 1978, and also done as gray handmade paper in 1982.


 
 
 


Big Self-Portrait
, 1967-68

 


Lucas, 1986-87

 


Leslie

 


Portrait

 


Richard

 


Kiki, 1968

 


Self-Portrait, 2007

 


Janet

 


Self-Portrait

 

James, 2004

 


Self-Portrait, 2004

 


Emma

 


Lyle

 


Roy

 


John, 1998

 


S.P. I, 1997

 


Self Portrait
1997

 


Alex
1993

 


Alex, 1991

 


Emily

 


Georgia Fingerprint, State II, 1985

 


Phil
1981

 


Phil
1981

 


Maggie, 1996

 

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