Visual History of the World




From Prehistoric to Romanesque  Art
Gothic Art
Renaissance  Art
Baroque and Rococo Art
The Art of Asia
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Art Styles in 19th century
Art of the 20th century
Artists that Changed the World
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Visual History of the World
First Empires
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Dictionary of Art and Artists



The Modern Era

1789 - 1914

In Europe, the revolutionary transformation of the ruling systems and state structures began with a bang: In 1789 the French Revolution broke out in Paris, and its motto "Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite"—Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood—took on an irrepressible force. A fundamental reorganization of society followed the French Revolution. The ideas behind the revolution were manifest in Napoleon's Code Civil, which he imposed on many European nations. The 19th century also experienced a transformation of society from another source: The Industrial Revolution established within society a poorer working class that stood in opposition to the merchant and trading middle class. The nascent United States was shaken by an embittered civil war. The economic growth that set in following that war was accompanied by the development of imperialist endeavors and its rise to the status of a Great Power.


Liberty Leading the People,
allegory of the 1830 July revolution that deposed the French monarchy,
with Marianne as the personification of liberty,
contemporary painting by Eugene Delacroix.


see also:

Between Two Revolutions

(From David to Delacroix)



Napoleonic Domination

1792 - 1814


Napoléon Bonaparte in Art


Bonaparte and the Council of Five Hundred at St. Cloud, 10th November 1799, by Francois Bouchot



The Persian Envoy Mirza Mohammed Reza-Qazvini meets with Napoleon I at the Finkenstein castle, 27 April 1807,
by Francois Mulard



Napoleon reviews his troops shortly before the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (14 October 1806), 
by Horace Vernet



Napoleon in Tilsit.



Emperor by Marie-Victoire Jaquotot



Napoleon Bonaparte im Alter von 16.



El triunfo de Bonaparte



Napoléon Bonaparte abdicated in Fontainebleau, by Paul Delaroche



 Napoleon awards the Cross of the Legion of Honor, painting by J.-B. Debret, 1812



Napoléon à Sainte-Hélène.



Josephine fainting after being told by Napoleon he will decree a divorce (to seek a male heir and royal alliance),
by Bosselman - Chasselat.



Napoleon Bonaparte as a young officer



Napoleon Bonaparte



Napoleon Bonaparte



Portrait of Napoleon Bonaparte by Louis Ducis



Napoleon Bonaparte on Board the 'Bellerophon' in Plymouth Sound



Napoleon Bonaparte. Decorating the Grenadier Lazareff at Tilsit
 by  Jean Baptiste Debret



Napoleon Bonaparte



 Napoleon near Borodino, by Vasiliy Vereshagin



Napoleon and Marshal Loriston, "Peace at all costs!"
Vasily Vereshchagin, 1900



Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo



Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo  by Ernest Crofts.



Napoleon on his death bed, by Horace Vernet, 1826



Scene of Napoleon Bonaparte's Death on St Helena.



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