Visual History of the World




From Prehistoric to Romanesque  Art
Gothic Art
Renaissance  Art
Baroque and Rococo Art
The Art of Asia
Neoclassicism, Romanticism  Art
Art Styles in 19th century
Art of the 20th century
Artists that Changed the World
Design and Posters
Classical Music
Literature and Philosophy

Visual History of the World
First Empires
The Ancient World
The Middle Ages
The Early Modern Period
The Modern Era
The World Wars and Interwar Period
The Contemporary World

Dictionary of Art and Artists


First Empires

ca. 7000 B.C. - 200 A.D.


The Middle East was the cradle of mankind's first advanced civilizations. In Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, which extends in an arc from the north of the Arabian Peninsula east through Palestine to Mesopotamia, the first state structures emerged in parallel with the further development of animal husbandry, agriculture, trade, and writing. The first great empires, such as those of the Egyptian pharaohs, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, and the Persians, evolved at the beginning of the third millennium B.C., out of small communities usually clustered around a city. Similar development also occurred on the Indian subcontinent and in China, where quite distinct early advanced civilizations took shape as well.


The golden mask of Tutankhamun, a jewel of ancient Egyptian artwork,
 showing the pharaoh in a ceremonial robe decorated with the heraldic animals, the vulture and cobra, ca. 1340 B.C.


see also text

KING SOLOMON "Song of Songs"


Syria and Palestine

3000-332 B.C.


The Early Israelites and the Kingdoms of David and Solomon




David and Bathsheba, by
Lucas Cranach, 1526.


Gentileschi Artemisia


Gentileschi Artemisia


Bathsheba receiving David's letter, by Willem Drost


Bathsheba by
Karl Brullov


Bathsheba at Her Bath by
Rembrandt van Rijn, 1654.


Rembrandt van Rijn


Jan Massys


David and Bathsheba , by
Jan Massys , 1562 Louvre


Solimena Francesco, Bathing Bathsheba


Peter Paul Rubens, Bathsheba at the Fountain


Cornelis van Hearlem


Hans Memling

Bathsheba , 1570s by Giovanni Battista Naldini


Jacopo Zucchi


The Toilet of Bathsheba, 1643
Rembrandt van Rijn



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