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Francesco di Giorgio Martini



Francesco di Giorgio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Francesco di Giorgio Martini (baptised September 23, 1439 1502) was an Italian painter of the Sienese School, a sculptor, an architect and theorist, and a military engineer who built almost seventy fortifications for the Duke of Urbino.

Born in Siena, he apprenticed as a painter with Vecchietta. In panels painted for cassoni he departed from the traditional representations of joyful wedding processions in frieze-like formulas to express visions of ideal, symmetrical, vast and all but empty urban spaces rendered in perspective. Francesco di Giorgio is also known for architectural designs and sculptural work for Federico III da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino, for whom he built star-shaped fortifications.

He composed an architectural treatise Trattato di architettura, ingegneria e arte militare that he worked on for decades and finished sometime after 1482; it circulated in manuscript. Its projects were well in advance of completed projects at the time. The third book is preoccupied with the "ideal" city, constrained within star-shaped polygonal geometries reminiscent of the star fort, whose wedge-shaped bastions are said to have been his innovation.

Francesco di Giorgio finished his career as architect in charge of the works at the Duomo di Siena, where his bronze angels are on the high altar.




Madonna and Child with Two Angels


Virgin and Child with St Catherine and Angels


c. 1470


Madonna and Child
c. 1472





c. 1465


Madonna and Child with two Saints


The Coronation of the Virgin


Madonna and Child with Saints and Angels




The Disrobing of Christ
c. 1501


Madonna and Child with an Angel
c. 1471


Madonna with Child and Two Saints
c. 1470


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