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Cuyp Aelbert



Aelbert Cuyp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aelbert Jacobsz Cuyp (October 20, 1620 - November 15, 1691) was one of the leading Dutch landscape painters of the 17th century. The most famous of a family of painters, the pupil of his father Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp (15941651/52), he is especially known for his views of the Dutch countryside in early morning or late afternoon.
Aelbert Cuyp was born in Dordrecht on October 20, 1620, and also died there on November 15, 1691. Known as the Dutch version of Claude Lorrain, this landscape artist went on to inherit a considerable fortune. His family were all artists, with his uncle and grandfather being glass stainers. Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp, his father, was a portraitist.

Sunlight in his paintings rakes across the panel, accentuating small bits of detail in the golden light. In large, atmospheric panoramas of the countryside, the highlights on a blade of meadow grass, the mane of a tranquil horse, the horn of a dairy cow reclining by a stream, or the tip of a peasant's hat are all caught in a bath of yellow ocher light. The richly varnished medium refracts the rays of light like a jewel as it dissolves into numerous glazed layers. Cuyp's landscapes were based on reality and on his own invention of what an enchanting landscape should be.

The Maas at Dordrecht (National Gallery of Art, Washington DC)Cuyp's drawings reveal him to be a draftsman of superior quality. Light-drenched washes of golden brown ink depict a distant view of the city of Dordrecht or Utrecht. A Cuyp drawing may look like he intended it to be, a finished work of art; but it was most likely taken back to the studio and used as a reference for his paintings. Often the same section of a sketch can be found in several different pictures.

Cuyp signed many of his works but rarely dated them, so that a chronology of his career has not been satisfactorily reassembled. A phenomenal number of paintings are ascribed to him, some of which are likely to be by other masters of the golden landscape, such as Abraham Calraet (16421722), whose initials A.C. may be mistaken for Cuyp's.

However, not everyone appreciates his work and River Landscape (1660), despite being widely regarded as amongst his best work, has been described as having "chocolate box blandness".




Michiel and Cornelis Pompe van Meerdervoort with Their Tutor


Conversion of Saul


Woman in a Stable


Ubbergen Castle


Orpheus with Animals in a Landscape
c. 1640


Landscape with a Hunt


Flight into Egypt


Travelers in a Hilly Countryside


Horsemen resting in a Landscape


Lady and Gentleman on Horseback


Grey Horse in a Landscape


River Scene with Milking Woman


Cattle and Herders, with Mariakerk, Utrecht


Herdsmen with Cows


The Avenue at Meerdervoort


Teh Maas at Dordrecht
c. 1660


Evening Landscape with Horsemen and Shepherds


A Road near a River


River Landscape


The Ferry Boat


Ice Scene before the Huis te Merwede near Dordrecht


View of Dordrecht
c. 1655


Landscape near Rhenen


The Negro Page


Young Herdsman with Cows


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