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Ivan Ayvazovsky

 

 

Ayvazovsky Ivan Konstantinovich    Pages: 1-2-3

(b Feodosiya [now Kaffa], 29 July 1817; d Feodosiya, 2 June 1900).

Russian painter of Armenian descent. The son of an Armenian merchant, throughout his life he kept his links with the ancient traditions of Armenian Christian culture. He studied at the Academy of Arts, St Petersburg, in 1833–7 under Maksim Vorob’yov (1787–1855), a prominent Russian landscape painter of the Romantic period. From 1845 Ayvazovsky worked predominantly in Feodosiya, an ancient city in the Eastern Crimea. He travelled widely in Russia and Europe, the Near East, Africa and America. Ayvazovsky’s first significant paintings testify to his attentive assimilation of the canons of Romantic seascape painting, going back to Claude Lorrain, as well as the influence of Vorob’yov and the late works of Sil’vestr Shchedrin. In Ayvazovsky’s early works the accurate rendering of views is combined with a classicist rationality of composition, as in View of the Seashore in the Environs of St Petersburg (1835; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.).

 


View of Leandrovsk tower in Constantinople

 

 


Sunset over the Golden Horn

 

 


Tempest by cape Aiya

 

 


The Bay Golden Horn, Turkey

 

 


The Bay of Naples

 

 


The Bay of Naples

 

 


The Bay of Naples at moonlit night

 

 


The Bay of Naples at moonlit night, Vesuvius

 

 


The Bay of Naples on morning

 

 

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