Apol Louis [Lodewijk Franciscus Hendrikl]
(b The Hague, 6 Sept 1850; d The Hague, 22 Nov 1936). Dutch painter.
He was a pupil of Johannes Franciscus Hoppenbrouwers (1819–66) and
Pieter Stortenbeker (1828–98) and studied at the Koninklijke
Academie van Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague. His first exhibited
work, in 1869, was a summer landscape, but he made his name with A
January Evening in the Hague Woods (c. 1875; Amsterdam, Rijksmus.).
He specialized in winter landscapes; his works became extremely
popular in the last quarter of the 19th century. In views such as
Wood in Winter (c. 1884; Haarlem, Teylers Mus.) staffage, in the
shape of skaters, horse-drawn sleighs and so on, is subordinated to
the overall mood. In this respect he differs from other Dutch
painters of winter scenes such as Andreas Schelfhout and
Hoppenbrouwers. Apol had a broad, pronounced manner of painting and
was considered one of the minor masters of the Hague school. He made
many drawings on a trip to Novaya Zemlya in 1880 (Amsterdam,
Rijksmus.; Amsterdam, Ned. Hist. Scheepvaartsmus.). The journey
resulted in a number of paintings of arctic scenes, including Ship
in the Ice near Novaya Zemlya (untraced; ex-de Geus van Heuvel priv.
col., Nieuwe Sluis) and a panorama, Nova Zembla (1892; destr.; small
replica Amsterdam, Ned. Hist. Scheepvaartsmus.). Apol also painted a
number of summer landscapes and river and town views, some dating
from 1886 to 1892, when he left The Hague temporarily to live in
Roosendaal near Arnhem.