Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
 

PAINTING
SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
ARCHITECTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
 
 


SCULPTURE
 



Alessandro Vittoria
 

 


Alessandro Vittoria

Alessandro Vittoria (15251608) was an Italian Mannerist sculptor of the Venetian school, "one of the main representatives of the Venetian classical style" and rivalling Giambologna as the foremost sculptors of the late 16th century in Italy.

Vittoria was born in the Italian city of Trent and was the son of a tailor. Vittoria was trained in the atelier of the architect-sculptor Jacopo Sansovino; he was a contemporary of Titian whose influence can be detected in his compositions. He was a virtuoso in terracotta, often presented with gilded surfaces, marble and bronze. Like all Italian sculptors of his generation, Vittoria was influenced also by Michelangelo and by the Florentine Mannerist, Bartolomeo Ammanati. The closeness of his associations in projects by architects Sansovino, Sanmicheli and Palladio, working with painters Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese placed him squarely among the protagonists of the Cinquecento art world in late 16th-century Venice.

A Lady of the Zorzi Family, terra cotta of 1570/1580 in the National Gallery of Art.Vittoria was first trained in his native city, Trento, then moved to Venice, where his long artistic relationship with Sansovino was a stormy one. After one quarrel with Sansovino, he removed from Venice and worked in Vicenza, where he collaborated with Veronese on the decorations of the Villa Barbaro at Maser (156062) before returning. The two masters worked jointly on great sculptural commissions until Sansovino's death. Vittoria took up his studio and completed Sansovino's unfinished commissions. One of his pupils was Camillo Mariani.

He died at Venice in 1608. His tomb, with his self-portrait bust, is in the church of San Zaccaria.

Vittoria is known for his classicising portrait busts, a genre that scarcely existed in Venice before him, and for medals as well as for his full-length figures, some of which surmount Sansovino's Biblioteca Marciana.

 

 




Alessandro Vittoria. Christ Resurrected
1581
Marble
Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice



Alessandro Vittoria. Ottaviano Grimaldi
1571-76
Marble, height: 80,5 cm with socle
Staatliche Museen, Berlin



Alessandro Vittoria. The Parish Priest Benedetto Manzini
c. 1550
Marble
Galleria Franchetti, Ca' d'Oro, Venice




Alessandro Vittoria. Milo of Croton
c. 1590
Bronze
Galleria Franchetti, Ca' d'Oro, Venice


Alessandro Vittoria. Neptune with Sea-Horse
1580-85
Bronze, height: 50 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum, London




Alessandro Vittoria. St Jerome
c. 1576
Marble
Basilica dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice


 


Alessandro Vittoria. St Sebastian
1561-63
Marble, height 117 cm
San Francesco della Vigna, Venice




Alessandro Vittoria. St Sebastian
c. 1600
Marble, height 170 cm
San Salvatore, Venice




Alessandro Vittoria. St John the Baptist
1583-84
Bronze, height: 71 cm
San Francesco della Vigna, Venice



Alessandro Vittoria. St Peter (detail)
Bronze
Santa Maria dei Miracoli, Venice


Alessandro Vittoria. St Jerome
1565
Marble
Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice



Alessandro Vittoria. Bust of a Zorzi lady





Alessandro Vittoria. Ottavio Grimani





Alessandro Vittoria. Mercurio, 1559-60





Alessandro Vittoria. San Sebastiano, 1566





Alessandro Vittoria. Statue of Saint Zachary.
1543. Venice, Italy

 
 

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