Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 

CHAPTER TWO
 

THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY


SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1, Part 2

PAINTING - Part 1

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1

SCULPTURE - 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

PAINTING - Part 1
 
 

Sculpture


Francesco di Giorgio Martini
 




 


Francesco di Giorgio Martini

Francesco di Giorgio, in full Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio Martini, or di Martino, (baptized Sept. 23, 1439, Siena, republic of Siena [Italy]—d. 1502, Siena), early Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, and designer.

Remarkably versatile, a kind of Renaissance homo universale, Francesco combined the bold investigation of the humanist scholars with the conservative lyricism of the Sienese school. His early works were manuscript illuminations, furniture panels, and two monumental altarpieces: the “Coronation of the Virgin” (1471) and “The Nativity” (1475). “The Nativity” shows that Francesco was greatly influenced by Florentine artists of the period, especially Andrea del Verrocchio.

Francesco is remembered chiefly as an architect and an architectural theorist. He translated Vitruvius and wrote an original work on architecture, Trattato di architettura civile e militare, which discusses city planning and military architecture, anticipating some of the architectural theories of the high Renaissance. By 1477 he was in the service of Duke Federico da Montefeltro, in Urbino, where he may have participated in the design and decoration of parts of the palace of Urbino, and built 136 military fortresses. His architectural masterpiece is Santa Maria del Calcinaio, Cortona (commissioned 1484), which, however, is now greatly altered. As a sculptor he is best known for four bronze figures for the high altar of Siena Cathedral (1489–97) and for a series of bronze reliefs showing Verrocchio’s influence. (They have also been attributed to the young Leonardo da Vinci.) He also designed fortifications, battle machinery, and weapons and is thought to have originated the land mine.


Encyclopædia Britannica
 

 




Francesco di Giorgio Martini. St John the Baptist. 1464. Polychromed wood, height 181 cm.
Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena
Francesco di Giorgio Martini. St Christopher. c. 1494. Polychromed wood, height 163 cm.
Musee du Louvre, Paris

 


Francesco di Giorgio Martini. Deposition from the Cross
c. 1477
Bronze, 86 x 75 cm
Santa Maria del Carmine, Venice


 


Francesco di Giorgio Martini. Allegory of Discord
1477-80
Stucco relief, 50 x 67 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum, London



Francesco di Giorgio Martini. The Flagellation of Christ
c. 1480
Bronze
Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria, Perugia



Francesco di Giorgio Martini. Mythological Scene
c. 1480
Stucco, 50 x 70 cm
Chigi Saracini Collection, Siena



Francesco di Giorgio Martini. St Jerome in the Desert
c. 1485
Bronze, 55 x 37 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington



Angels
1495-97
Bronze, height 124 cm
Duomo, Siena

 
 

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