Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 

CHAPTER TWO
 

THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY


SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1, Part 2

PAINTING - Part 1

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1

SCULPTURE - 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

PAINTING - Part 1
 
 

Sculpture


Desiderio da Settignano.
 

 



Desiderio da Settignano

Desiderio da Settignano, (born c. 1430, Settignano, republic of Florence [Italy]—died January 1464, Florence), Florentine sculptor whose works, particularly his marble low reliefs, were unrivaled in the 15th century for subtlety and technical accomplishment. He is perhaps best known for carving the funerary monument for the humanist Carlo Marsuppini.

Desiderio was raised in a family of stone masons and entered the Stone and Wood Carvers’ Guild of Florence in 1453. Little is known about his education, although he was influenced by the Italian sculptor Donatello, particularly in his low reliefs. In his youth he worked with his brother Geri in a workshop near the Ponte Santa Trinita; his fame seems to have lasted during his lifetime and until soon after his death.

Desiderio’s delicate, sensitive, highly original style is perhaps most exquisitely manifest in his sensuous portrait busts of women and children. These lyrical pieces convey a wide range of moods and emotions, from joy and charm to melancholy and pensiveness. His sense of design and highly refined skill as a marble cutter established him as a master of low reliefs. Some of the most notable are his studies of the Madonna and Child, St. John, and Christ as an infant.

Sometime after 1453 Desiderio designed and carved the monument of Marsuppini in Santa Croce in Florence. This monument was inspired by Bernardo Rossellino’s funerary monument to Leonardo Bruni in the same church. Desiderio borrowed heavily from Rossellino’s design, so the two monuments are strikingly similar. Both feature an arch, an effigy of the entombed man, a relief of the Virgin and Child, and a depiction of angels carrying a garland. With its rich architectural detail and its admirable effigy, Marsuppini’s tomb is exceptionally important in the history of Florentine wall monument. Desiderio also carved the tondi for Filippo Brunelleschi’s Pazzi Chapel in Florence sometime after 1451 and completed the marble Altar of the Sacrament in San Lorenzo, Florence (1461), which is considered to be one of the decorative masterpieces of the 15th century.

Desiderio masterfully employed the technique of rilievo stiacciato (low, or flattened, relief) in a style related to that of Donatello. The delicacy of contrast in his carvings gives his surfaces a glowing, ethereal quality, as seen in his Angel from the Altar of the Sacrament (1458–61) and many of his busts of women.
 

Encyclopædia Britannica
 

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Madonna and Child

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Tabernacle
1461
Marble
Church of San Lorenzo, Florence

 


Desiderio da Settignano. The Christ Child (?)
c. 1460
Marble, 30,5 x 26,5 x 16,3 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Laughing Boy
1453-63
Marble, height: 33 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. A Little Boy
c. 1460
Marble, height 26 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Tomb of Carlo Marsuppini
1453-64
White and coloured marbles, height: 613 cm
Santa Croce, Florence

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Tomb of Carlo Marsuppini (detail)
1453-64
Marble
Santa Croce, Florence

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Meeting of Christ and St John the Baptist as Youth
1453-64
Marble relief, diameter 50 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris
 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Virgin and Child
c. 1450
Marble, 61 x 36 cm
Galleria Sabauda, Turin
 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Portrait of Marietta Strozzi
c. 1460
Marble, height 52,5 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

 

 


Desiderio da Settignano. Mary Magdalene
1464
Painted wood
Santa Trinità, Florence
 
 

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