Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 

CHAPTER TWO
 

THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY


SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1, Part 2

PAINTING - Part 1

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1

SCULPTURE - 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

PAINTING - Part 1
 
 


CENTRAL AND NORTHERN ITALY: 1450-1500

 


Sculpture



NICCOLO DELL'ARCA.


The importance of this integration of motion and emotion can be seen in figure
620, which shows one or the mourners from a lifesize group of the Lamentation made by Niccolo dell'Arca about 1485-90. Niccolo (c. 1435-1494) came from Apulia and lived mostly in Bologna. Hence we know of no direct link between that work and Pollaiuolo. Yet it could not have been created without Pollaiuolo's influence. The facial expression itself is not unprecedented, but when it is coupled with the vehement forward rush, the entire figure overpowers us just as the Nike of Samothrace does (see fig. 216).
 

 


Niccolò dell’Arca

Niccolò dell’Arca, also called Niccolò d’Apulia, Niccolò da Ragusa, Nichollò de Bari, and Nicolaus de Apulia (born c. 1435–40—died 1494, Bologna), early Renaissance sculptor famed for his intensely expressionistic use of realism combined with southern Classicism and a plastic naturalism typical of the Burgundian School and especially the work of Claus Sluter. The Ragusa, Bari, and Apulia variants of his name suggest that he might have come from southern Italy.

Niccolò takes his name from the monumental tomb (arca in Italian) of St. Dominic in the church of San Domenico, Bologna, where he made the canopy and most of the freestanding figures (1469–94). Three of the figures were later added by Michelangelo. His most famous work, the passionately dramatic Lamentation over the Dead Christ (seven freestanding polychrome terra-cotta figures, Santa Maria della Vita, Bologna, completed either 1462–63 or c. 1485) may have been inspired by similar groups by Guido Mazzoni.

Another terra-cotta sculpture group of the Virgin and Saints is the Madonna di Piazza (c. 1478) located above the main entrance of the Palazzo Comunale in Bologna.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 

 




620. NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. Mourning of the Marys over the Dead Christ
1462-63
Terracotta with traces of polychromy
Santa Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. The Lamentation (detail). ń 1485-90. Terracotta, lifesize. Sta. Maria della Vita, Bologna





NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. Frontside of the Ark of Saint Dominic, Basilica of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Italy




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. Ark of St. Dominic (lower part); Basilica of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Italy




NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. St Francis. Ark of Saint Dominic, Basilica of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Italy
NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. St Dominic. Ark of Saint Dominic, Basilica of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Italy
NICCOLO DELL'ARCA. San Floriano. Ark of Saint Dominic, Basilica of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Italy

 


NICCOLO DELL'ARCA.
Tomb of St Dominic: Angel Holding a Candle
1473-94
Marble, height: 51 cm
San Domenico, Bologna


NICCOLO DELL'ARCA.
Tomb of St Dominic: Prophet Wearing a Turban
1473-94
Marble, height: 51 cm
San Domenico, Bologna

 
 

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