Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER THREE
 

GOTHIC ART
 

ARCHITECTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

STAINED GLASS - Part 1, 2

PAINTING - Part 1, 2

 

SCULPTURE

 

Italy

 

Benedetto Antelami

Benedetto Antelami, (born c. 1150, probably Lombardy [Italy]—died c. 1230, Parma), Italian sculptor and architect considered to have been one of the greatest of his time.

Little is known of his life. It is believed that he served his apprenticeship in sculpture at Saint-Trophîme in Arles, Fr., and that this service may have influenced his sensitivity to French (particularly Provençal) stylistic developments. It is thought that he also belonged to the magistri Antelami, a civil builders’ guild located in the Lake Como region of present-day northern Italy. One of his earliest signed works is the Deposition from the Cross, a relief sculpture (dated 1178) located in the right transept of the cathedral of Parma. Between 1188 and 1218 Antelami worked on various sculptural and architectural elements of the cathedral of Borgo San Donnino (now Fidenza) near Parma. In 1196 he started work on the construction and decoration of the magnificent baptistery of Parma cathedral (completed 1270). His last work is believed to have been the decoration and (at least in part) the construction of the church of Sant’Andrea at Vercelli, the architecture of which successfully combined Tuscan Romesque with Gothic characteristics (such as flying buttresses, rose windows, and ribbed vaulting) and won him lasting renown.
 


Benedetto Antelami. The Deposition from the cross, from the Duomo of Parma




Benedetto Antelami. King David. c. 1200. Stone. Cathedral, Fidenza
 



Benedetto Antelami. Ezekiel. c. 1200. Stone. Cathedral, Fidenza
 


Benedetto Antelami. June. c. 1200. Stone. Baptistry, Parma
Benedetto Antelami. August. c. 1200. Stone. Baptistry, Parma
Benedetto Antelami. September. c. 1200. Stone. Baptistry, Parma
Benedetto Antelami. November. c. 1200. Stone. Baptistry, Parma
Benedetto Antelami. December. c. 1200. Stone. Baptistry, Parma
 


Benedetto Antelami. The Virgin and Child. 1210s. Stone. Baptistery of St. John. Florence, Italy

 



Benedetto Antelami. Flight into Egypt. Baptistry, Parma

 
 

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